Patterns and determinants of immigrants’ sense of belonging to Canada and their source country
This study assesses immigrants’ acculturation profiles as measured by their sense of belonging to Canada and to their source country. It first examines the relative distribution of immigrants who have: strong sense of belonging to both Canada and the source country; strong sense of belonging to Canada only; strong sense of belonging to the source country only; and weak sense of belonging to Canada and the source country. It further examines four sets of determinants of these acculturation profiles, including source-country socioeconomic and cultural characteristics, immigrant entry status, post-migration experience, and demographic characteristics. Using a large national representative sample of 7,000 immigrants in Canada from over 100 countries, this study finds that the overwhelming majority of immigrants have a strong sense of belonging to Canada with or without a strong sense of belonging to their source country. Source-country attributes are as important as immigrant entry status and post-migration experience in affecting immigrants’ sense of belonging to Canada and their source country AQ1 ¶ .
Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to explain the current role of foreign foundations in the cross-border mobility of Russian elite scientists. Design/methodology/approach - The methodology is based on a combination of a quantitative survey (December 2004-February 2005) of former Russian Humbsoldtians and qualitative research (expert interviews in 2005 and in 2012, respectively) of Russian alumni of the Alexander von Humboldt foundation (Germany). Findings - For Russian elite researchers participating in academic mobility, in 2000s it is rather cross-border mobility' brain circulation' rather than "brain drain" a dominant form of academic mobility typical. Even in 2000s, western foundations still played a significant while twofold role -promoting emigration of for a small part of Russian elite researchers, on the one hand, while and getting access to top-level labs, etc. and to international academic chains of excellence for the majority of them, on the other. Coming back to the home country, affiliation with foreign foundations reduces the dependence of Russian elite researchers on hierarchical structures within the national state science system and promotes project teams and network forms of interaction their career. However, Russian scientists dependence on foreign funding affect both the scope of research and their academic status (mostly - second-level positions within research projects, etc.). Among the reasons to for leave leaving Russia it is primarily the desire to remain have closer access to their academic community and the equipment to do on the top level in research. The paper formulates some measures to foster incentives to stay in Russia and respectively to support re-emigration of elite researchers, in form of world class research labs and strengthening the motivation of senior researchers to work in the home country. Research limitations/implications - Research limitations consist in using of only one of the alumni networks of several western foundations database. Originality/value - The paper is unique as regards the empirical results; its value consists in their organizational, social and political implications. © Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
The article suggests a pessimistic scenario of political and institutional transformation of the European Union under the influence of such factor as alien immigration in the cultural and civilizational terms. Particular attention is paid to the consequences of these transformations for the future of Russia.
The collection includes reports and speeches of the participants of the International Symposium on the Korean diaspora living in China, Japan, Russia and the United States. Particular attention is paid to changes in these communities under the influence of external factors, region of residence, migration of Koreans from the Korean peninsula since the end of IXX - beginning. XX centuries. during the period of colonization by Japan in Korea. The texts are presented in the original language (Russian, Japanese, Chinese) and translated into Korean. In order to researchers, teachers, students, anyone interested in the issues of the Korean Peninsula states.
In the book for the first time the documents of the Archive of the Foreign Policy of the Russian Empire on Russian-Korean Relations (1820-1909), on the voluntary resettlement of Koreans in the Amur Region in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries are published. Also, the collection contains, previously published, documents and materials of the Russian State Historical Archives of the Far East (1864-1918). The reader is presented with a large amount of factual material that reveals the peculiarities of the migration policy of the Russian government in relation to the Koreans. The mechanism of building relations with migrants from Korea, their arrangement in Primorye, the role and place of Koreans in the development of the Russian Far East, in school education, as well as the participation of the Orthodox Church in the process of naturalization of Koreans in Russian culture is shown. Of interest are materials about the participation of Koreans in the national liberation movement of Korea in the Russian Far East. The book is addressed to researchers and administrative staff, teachers and students of humanitarian faculties as a reference tool, as well as for a wide range of readers interested in the East.
This is a review of the book by S.Puffer, D.McCarthy. and D. Satinsky "Hammer & Silicon: The Soviet Diaspora in the US Innovation Economy" . Cambridge University Press, 2018
This summary of the report describes the construction and testing of a theoretical model of the socio-economic adaptation (SEA) of immigrants, considering psychological factors as basic. In the analysis of previous studies, acculturation attitudes of immigrants were identified as key psychological factors of SEA for the construction of a theoretical model; the length of stay in the host country and language skills were used as control variables; ethnic and religious identification were used as predictors of acculturation attitudes.
This paper examines the similarities and differences between the relationships of ‘own’ cultural and ‘other’ cultural identities on the one hand and acculturation strategies of integration and assimilation on another hand among representatives of three generations of Russians and Ossetians, living in RNO-A. The sample included 109 grandparent-parent-adolescent triads from ethnic Russian families and 106 triads from ethnic Ossetian families (N=645). In the Russian sample we found the negative impact of ‘own’ cultural identity (Russian) on the assimilation strategy and a positive impact of ‘other’ cultural identity (Caucasian) on the integration strategy in all three generations. Among Ossetians we did not reveal any clear influence of their ‘own’ cultural identity (Ossetian) on acculturation expectations in all three generations. ‘Other’ cultural identity (Russian) of Ossetian grandparents and adolescents positively influences the acculturation expectation ‘multiculturalism’. In adolescents sample (unlike grandparents and parents) this identity also has a positive impact on the acculturation expectation ‘melting pot’. ‘Own’ cultural identity of Ossetian parents and adolescents positively influences the acculturation expectation ‘multiculturalism’. For Ossetian parents (unlike for grandparents and adolescents) their ‘own’ cultural identity negatively affects the acculturation expectation ’melting pot’. In both ethnic groups ‘own’ cultural identities promote maintainance of ‘own’ culture, and ‘other’ cultural identities help to adopt successfully in multicultural society. These results require additional verification in studies with other samples.
The distractive effects on attentional task performance in different paradigms are analyzed in this paper. I demonstrate how distractors may negatively affect (interference effect), positively (redundancy effect) or neutrally (null effect). Distractor effects described in literature are classified in accordance with their hypothetical source. The general rule of the theory is also introduced. It contains the formal prediction of the particular distractor effect, based on entropy and redundancy measures from the mathematical theory of communication (Shannon, 1948). Single- vs dual-process frameworks are considered for hypothetical mechanisms which underpin the distractor effects. Distractor profiles (DPs) are also introduced for the formalization and simple visualization of experimental data concerning the distractor effects. Typical shapes of DPs and their interpretations are discussed with examples from three frequently cited experiments. Finally, the paper introduces hierarchical hypothesis that states the level-fashion modulating interrelations between distractor effects of different classes.
This article describes the expierence of studying factors influencing the social well-being of educational migrants as mesured by means of a psychological well-being scale (A. Perrudet-Badoux, G.A. Mendelsohn, J.Chiche, 1988) previously adapted for Russian by M.V. Sokolova. A statistical analysis of the scale's reliability is performed. Trends in dynamics of subjective well-being are indentified on the basis the correlations analysis between the condbtbions of adaptation and its success rate, and potential mechanisms for developing subjective well-being among student migrants living in student hostels are described. Particular attention is paid to commuting as a factor of adaptation.