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Article

Patterns and determinants of immigrants’ sense of belonging to Canada and their source country

Ethnic and Racial Studies. 2018. Vol. 41. No. 9. P. 1612-1631.
Berry J. W., Hou F., Schellenberg G.

This study assesses immigrants’ acculturation profiles as measured by their sense of belonging to Canada and to their source country. It first examines the relative distribution of immigrants who have: strong sense of belonging to both Canada and the source country; strong sense of belonging to Canada only; strong sense of belonging to the source country only; and weak sense of belonging to Canada and the source country. It further examines four sets of determinants of these acculturation profiles, including source-country socioeconomic and cultural characteristics, immigrant entry status, post-migration experience, and demographic characteristics. Using a large national representative sample of 7,000 immigrants in Canada from over 100 countries, this study finds that the overwhelming majority of immigrants have a strong sense of belonging to Canada with or without a strong sense of belonging to their source country. Source-country attributes are as important as immigrant entry status and post-migration experience in affecting immigrants’ sense of belonging to Canada and their source country AQ1 ¶ .