Разработка и внедрение систем управления финансовой эффективностью
Event logs collected by modern information and technical systems usually contain enough data for automated process models discovery. A variety of algorithms was developed for process models discovery, conformance checking, log to model alignment, comparison of process models, etc., nevertheless a quick analysis of ad-hoc selected parts of a journal still have not get a full-fledged implementation. This paper describes an ROLAP-based method of multidimensional event logs storage for process mining. The result of the analysis of the journal is visualized as directed graph representing the union of all possible event sequences, ranked by their occurrence probability. Our implementation allows the analyst to discover process models for sublogs defined by ad-hoc selection of criteria and value of occurrence probability
Subject: smart house maintenance requires taking into account a number of factors - resource conservation, mitigating working expenditures, safety enhancement, ensuring comfort of leisure and operation. Automation of such engineering systems networks as illumination, climate control, security and communication, may be achieved through utilization of contemporary technologies (e.g. IoT – Internet of Things). However, storing and processing the overwhelmingly massive corpora of data produced by the aforementioned systems poses a significant challenge. It is necessary to rationally manage the available big data during the stage of information modelling, due to the fact, that a building’s lifespan outlives most iterations of safety, comfort, and maintenance standards substantially.
Materials and methods: since smart houses may be classified as human-machine systems, the cybernetic approach will be considered as the base method of information system design and discovery. Instrumental methods are represented by set-theoretical modelling, automata theory and architectural principles of information management systems’ organization.
Results: an agile architecture of information system for smart house hardware management has been synthesized. The architecture encompasses several levels: client level, application level and data level; as well as three layers: presentation level, actuating devices layer and analytics layer. As proposed, the problem of growing volumes of information process by realtime message controller is attended by employment of sensors with configurable thresholds and actuating mechanisms, which implement control logic based on discrete automaton (namely, logical algorithm schemes). Multicircuit control system is suggested to be additionally enhanced with datamining module, DBMS, datamarts, and OLAP cube, which are jointly capable of processing large amount of data produced by hardware subsystems.
Conclusions: an information system for smart house hardware management, once built according to the proposed architecture, will enhance the quality of decision-making process, decrease operational costs of the smart house, due to the datamining-enabled control circuit. Suggested solution is recommended to be employed for the management of buildings and constructions, that utilize means of automation and IoT.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The manual is intended for students of Department of computer engineering MIEM HSE. In the textbook based on the courses "Economics of firm" and "the development strategy of the organization." Discusses the key conceptual and methodological issues of the theory and practice of Economics and development planning of the organization. The use of textbooks will enable students: to analyze key performance indicators, and use the tools of strategic analysis with reference to concrete situations in contemporary Russian and international business. Special attention is paid to the methods and systems of information support of the life support functions of business organizations and management methodology of innovation and investment. An Appendix contains source data for analysis of competition in a particular industry.
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.
Over the last two decades national policy makers drew special attention to the implementation of policy tools which foster international cooperation in the fields of science, technology, and innovation. In this paper, we look at cases of Russian-German collaboration to examine the initiatives of the Russian government aimed at stimulating the innovation activity of domestic corporations and small and medium enterprises. The data derived from the interviews with companies’ leaders show positive effects of bilateral innovative projects on the overall business performance alongside with major barriers hindering international cooperation. To overcome these barriers we provide specific suggestions relevant to the recently developed Russian Innovation Strategy 2020.