El comercio entre Rusia y Argentina: tendencias recientes
This article is aimed at analyzing the evolution of bilateral trade between Russia and Argentina, including the changes of the trade structure under political and historical context. The author analyzes positions of both countries in bilateral trade and exemplifies the changes of the cooperation intensity and its causes. Special attention is paid to the food trade in the context of the “Ukrainian crisis”and to the energy trade. The tables, compiled by the author, demonstrate clearly the evolution of mutual trade between the two countries according to the external economic and political situation.
The article tells about new for the Russian market models of direct interaction between producers and end users of agricultural production. The following directions are named to be the main directions of food sale development: retail servicization, electronic trade popularization and retail starting to make direct purchases from small agricultural producers.
Seasoned Socialism reflects on select Soviet everyday practices, their significance for those who wrote about them or performed them, and their impact on the meaning and quality of life in the former USSR. For the first time in the scholarship about late Soviet everyday life, all everyday practices chosen for this volume gravitate to food and foodways. As essential to Soviet everyday life as food is the notion of gender, which was largely the factor upon which most everyday Soviet experiences and practices are predicated. Seasoned Socialism, therefore, engages Soviet men and women where they eat—in the kitchen, the garden, the grocery, the marketplace and the dining establishment.
Argentina, the second largest country in Latin America, hardly recovered form the recession of the year 2001, faces the crisis again in 2008. First of all, the crisis affected the credit and banking sphere of the country, reducing the volumes of credit and deposit. But during the crisis, Argentina managed to carry out the restructuring of the financial system. The Global financial and economic crisis has shown the importance of the investors' confidence.
This chapter provides historical evidence of innovation-led structural changes at the sub-national level in high-middle income economies, with particular emphasis on economies characterised by a significant knowledge base and weak institutions. Although manifestly not the outcome of smart specialization policy, the examples of self-discovery, entrepreneurchip and experimentation discussed here describe real-life smart specialization processes. Lessons are drawn to inform S3 policy designs and implementation: (1) Most success stories occurred spontanously, with limited policy interventions, and were led by self-discovery of private and public actors; (2) regional development is usually a by-product of the national or global success of private first movers that can initiate exclaves but may fails to become developed regional clusters; (3) 'Critical mas' of capabilities is a key policy problem at the sub-national level; (4) Collective action and coordination problems impede the S3 process; (5) Complementarity of various regional policies may increase the effectiveness of government support.
Psychoanalytic tradition of study of food as a primary form of communication of a person and the world is represented in the researches of M. Klein, D. Frankl, F. Perls - in their works we can see evolution of the psychoanalytic tradition of study of food experience of a person - from the analysis of the primary food experience in the relationship mother-baby to the idea of mental metabolism, which has structural similarity with food metabolism. F. Perls and D. Frankl articulated the communicative concept of food experience, according to which the identity of a person is formed and his/her existential choice is constructed, too. The main psychoanalytic idea is that food experience is passed through the human positive / negative energy of libido - that is encounter with the world as Others in the primary act of food awakens ones own libidinal energy of an individual and serves as a stimulus to personal development. Psychoanalysis insists that the underlying constructs of interaction with the world are formed in early childhood, are based on the primary food reactions, and are projected to all other forms of its communications. The theory of assimilation and introjection of the authority is the most important discovery of F. Perls. Standards to ensure the quality of physical and mental metabolism are assimilation. At the level of introjection an embedded object maintains without any processing. Normal personal growth always implies a critical attitude toward any objects from the surrounding world, a molar, rather aggressive attitude towards them, and as a result - their assimilation. While introduction of any values in the consciousness of a person occurs when a person forms ability to introjecton and inability to assimilation. Therefore, a totalitarian society has a special food culture - when the level of the body inculcates the habit of introjection of the external object in the form of food, the habit, which is extrapolated to other areas of life, including the sphere of consciousness. Then mental metabolism is also disturbed, and the person is ready to introjection what is suitable for a totalitarian power. Therefore, a totalitarian society cannot be an affluent society - in particular, the culture of food of a totalitarian society must have defective nature and must be accompanied by repressive nutritional practices.
The development of relations between Europe and Latin America at the regional, subregional and interregional levels are analyzed. The review of trade-economic and social-political relations is given. The mechanism of overcoming the emerging disagreements in the economic, political and humanitarian spheres is described, and prospects for further development of cooperation between European and Latin American countries are outlined.