Purpose: The paper is devoted to the development of the transparency of the justice system in Russia by providing webcasts of court sessions. The purpose of study is search an answer to the question of the need for such webcasts, as well as determination of the optimal conditions and procedures for the implementation of this measure.
Methods: The author compares the advantages and disadvantages of the broadcast of proceedings on the Internet. The advantage of webcasts is their effectiveness to ensure transparency of proceedings and social control for justice. The disadvantage of webcasts is their cost, which can cause inefficient spending of budget funds. Also webcast infringes the right to privacy participants in the proceedings to a greater extent than the traditional presence of the audience in the hall of the courts.
Results: On the basis of this comparison the author makes a conclusion about the desirability of introducing this tool into the activities of the Russian courts. However, list of court cases, which will be broadcast, should be limited to reduce the negative effect of above shortcomings.
As a result, the author offers his own model of organizing broadcasts court proceedings. The paper proposes to establish 2 variant of the webcast of the court session: mandatory and optional. Consequently, broadcast court proceedings must be carried out mandatory in cases on which decisions are most important for the practice of application of the law (decisions of the higher courts and decision on contesting the normative legal acts). Optional broadcast court proceedings may be carried out at the request of any interested person.
In the article deals the legal questions of identification of person and his activities on the Internet. A role of identification information such as IP address on the Internet was demonstrated. The link between the IP address and personal information was determined. Foreign laws and legal practices aimed at the detection of identification criteria to establish a person’s identity on the Internet with the Russian laws and legal practices were compared. The author proposed to add in the concept of “personal data” that was defined by the Federal Law of 27.07.2006 No 152-FZ “On personal data” the identification information which are IP address and other system information on the basis of which it is possible to identify an individual on the Internet.