Государственная идеология в камне: Русская литература XVI в. и городское каменное строительство
The article deals with the problem of three different types of historical information (the unique information, the verified one and the repeated one), the features of their textological analysis and their use in historical studies.
In this article the author defines the essence and defines the ideological function of the state, discusses the basic processes in the framework of realization of ideological function of the state, highlights the structural elements of mechanism of realization of ideological function of the state.
The volume incklude the results of studying different sources of written, artistic and material heritage of 6-20th cc.
This article presents original and previously unpublished documents from the case of Van’ka Kain (1741–1748). Van’ka Kain was a notorious Moscow criminal who surrendered at the end of 1741, declaring his wish to help the police round up his former associates in crime. More than one hundred criminals (professional thieves, criminal hideouts’ keepers and fencers for stolen goods) were arrested by Kain and the soldiers in a few days’ time. Kain was rehabilitated in the spring of 1742, becoming an official informer and detective of the Sysknoi prikaz (Office of Criminal Investigation). In such capacity he assisted in the apprehension of his past confederates, professional thieves, until 1748. The materials of his case published in this article for the first time contain unique and comprehensive information on the Moscow underworld of the 18th century.
On the basis of the critical analysis of previous experience of studying of the Old Russian miniatures accompanying annalistic texts, in article new approaches of the correct description and research of values and meanings of visual sources of retrospective information are offered.