Синергия учебного и внеучебного пространства как способ оптимизации преподавания иностранного языка
Technology of electronic distance course development was created. This technology is useful for developing training tutorial of foreign languages. Firstly, it can be integrated into the LMS and can be used online as a web service. Secondly, it can be used as a standalone desktop tutorial. A helpful tool tip was added. The tip contains grammar information and English translation for each separated word in the tutorial. With the help of this technology there was created a distance course for Russian language as a foreign one. Additionally, on the basis of Russian National Corpus there was organized a tool for search and extraction of actual sentences with examples of word usage.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.