Социально-политические и этнопсихологические аспекты истории христианства в Японии
Despite arduous missionary efforts and considerable amounts of money spent upon Christian evangelistic activities, Christianity remains in great minority in Japan, numbeer of its proponents being at the rate about 1-2% of the whole population of the country. In comparison, in the neighbouring China the total Christian population is about 5-10 % of the whole population, and in Korea - 30-50%. This article attempts to describe factors that have had negative influence upon the spread of Christianity in the country.
Present article is focused upon two samples of Early-Modern «civil sciences»: rhetorical inquiry dealing with contingency (so called «rhetorica primaria»), and mathesis politica, traditionally referring in intellectual context of the Early Enlightenment to Descartes. Special attention is paid to the famous «new sciences», which are considered in the secondary literature as antithetical: Giambattista Vico’s scienza nuova and Thomas Hobbes scientia civilis. Drawing upon almost unknown 17th century Dutch political writings, the study examines the ways of reception of Thomas Hobbes’ civil science conceived as a rhetorical inquiry. The author also explores G. Vico alternative to Hobbes’ constructionist theoretical style.
This work outline on of the most interesting philosophical tradition in the Europe - the topic of idols. In this work we will consider the development of this tradition since Francis Bacon to Friedrich Nietzsche. We will consider the difference between “idols of science” and “idols of culture”. We will show the importance of this problem today, using the works of modern philosophers.
"Hokusai manga" occupies a special place in the artistic heritage of Katsushika Hokusai. In its 15 volumes with ca. four thousand of figures and subjects, Hokusai created an encyclopedia of old Japan in pictures. This articles investigates the beginnings of the manga genre and pays a special attention for the interpretation of the enigmatic words "denshin kaishu" in its title. A problem of collaboration of Hokusai with other artists is discussed as well as the forms of his personal output.
The book is devoted to several aspects of the face in traditional culture of East and West, from Middle Ages to early Modern Times
The works of the 5th vonference of youn japanologists (Moscow, 2013). The articles are dedicated to the variety of themes on Japan: history, economics, intellectual history, international relations.
The famous V. Solov’ev’s article is considered as the diagnosis of the cultural crisis which has come in Russia after March events of 1881. The main question - about necessary conformity be-tween a problem of social transformation and a spiritual maturity of those who incurs this problem - remains unresolved 130 years later after its publication. Modern value of Solov’ev’s cultural forecast is in that it allows to consider present economic and political crisises as consequences of the cultural catastrophe consisting in devaluation of cultural values and their transformation into fiction-symulakrs. Some conceptual parallels between sociopolitical realities of the post-reform period in XIX century and the post-soviet period in the newest history of Russia are established.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.