Занятия спортом – удел богатых? (Эмпирический анализ занятий спортом в России)
The paper discuses challenges for antismoking policy in Russia, paying special attention to youth smoking problems. We present data on tobacco consumption and factors favoring individual decision to smoke. We justify government intervention by giving theoretical and empirical evidence for externalities, produced by passive smoking, information asymmetry and addiction effects. We use RLMS data and Students survey results to discuss the need and attitude towards such measures as tobacco tax increase, restrictions on smoking in public places, total ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship etc.
The chapter provides a review of contemporary life style policies in Russia highlighting main issues and suggesting some improvements in governmental interventions.
This paper is devoted to analysis of factors that influence a healthy lifestyle of Russians. Along with such factors as age, marital status, size of a household, income, educational level, self-rated health, etc. we consider a rate of time preferences. This rate shows individual ability to postpone utility from consumption to the future. The study is based on the survey conducted by the Yuri Levada Analytical Center in 2011. We construct a representative sample of the adult population of Russia. The basic model for econometric analysis is an ordered probit model. Findings suggest that the rate of time preferences positively influences a healthy lifestyle of Russians.
Modern sport is a key space for the construction of identity, belonging and community; a place where meaning-making is performed, shaped and embedded. The volume aims to develop new critical awareness of the social, political and economic features of sport spaces – especially, the role of sport as a distinctly spatialized expression of physical culture within everyday life. Modern sport is understood as a phenomenon existent amongst an array of other cultural practices and social spaces. The critical explorations therefore reflect the scope and multiplicity modern sport – with analyses focusing on the role of spaces and place in soccer cultures, infrastructure design, mega-events, digital technologies, sports tourism and leisure activities, and other topics. What emerges is the purposeful coalescence of academic disciplines, opening new intellectual spaces for dialogue and exchange. The interdisciplinary scope thus provides insight into the deep and multifaceted nexuses between sport places and spaces and the environments in which they reside
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.