Занятия спортом – удел богатых? (Эмпирический анализ занятий спортом в России)
The paper discuses challenges for antismoking policy in Russia, paying special attention to youth smoking problems. We present data on tobacco consumption and factors favoring individual decision to smoke. We justify government intervention by giving theoretical and empirical evidence for externalities, produced by passive smoking, information asymmetry and addiction effects. We use RLMS data and Students survey results to discuss the need and attitude towards such measures as tobacco tax increase, restrictions on smoking in public places, total ban on tobacco advertising and sponsorship etc.
The chapter provides a review of contemporary life style policies in Russia highlighting main issues and suggesting some improvements in governmental interventions.
This paper is devoted to analysis of factors that influence a healthy lifestyle of Russians. Along with such factors as age, marital status, size of a household, income, educational level, self-rated health, etc. we consider a rate of time preferences. This rate shows individual ability to postpone utility from consumption to the future. The study is based on the survey conducted by the Yuri Levada Analytical Center in 2011. We construct a representative sample of the adult population of Russia. The basic model for econometric analysis is an ordered probit model. Findings suggest that the rate of time preferences positively influences a healthy lifestyle of Russians.
Modern sport is a key space for the construction of identity, belonging and community; a place where meaning-making is performed, shaped and embedded. The volume aims to develop new critical awareness of the social, political and economic features of sport spaces – especially, the role of sport as a distinctly spatialized expression of physical culture within everyday life. Modern sport is understood as a phenomenon existent amongst an array of other cultural practices and social spaces. The critical explorations therefore reflect the scope and multiplicity modern sport – with analyses focusing on the role of spaces and place in soccer cultures, infrastructure design, mega-events, digital technologies, sports tourism and leisure activities, and other topics. What emerges is the purposeful coalescence of academic disciplines, opening new intellectual spaces for dialogue and exchange. The interdisciplinary scope thus provides insight into the deep and multifaceted nexuses between sport places and spaces and the environments in which they reside
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.