Выбор периоперационной мультимодальной схемы анальгезии у пациентов с поясничной грыжей межпозвонкового диска: предварительные результаты
Design. 129 patients scheduled for elective lumbar discectomy in 2010-2013 were enrolled in prospective study. Group K (n=20) underwent general anaesthesia and postoperative analgesia on-demand. Group PMA+SA (n=23) got subarachnoid block and preventive multimodal analgesia (PMA) including ketoprofen, paracetamol and nalbuphine. At PMA group (n=21) general anaesthesia and PMA were used; at PMA+I (n=21) also bupivacaine wound infiltration was administrated; at PMA+S (n=20) – depo-corticosteroid was applied locally on affected spinal nerve root; at PMA+IS (n=24) wound infiltration and local corticosteroids were combined. Patients could use i.v. nalbuphine on-demand by PCA device in addition to PMA post-operatively. 7 days post-operatively, the pain scores using 10 cm VAS at rest and during movement were also recorded. Results. Group К patients had not adequate pain relief during 4 postoperative days. At PMA group the postoperative analgesia was adequate during the whole assessment time, PMA group patients had significant less pain scores than at K group during 4 postoperative days. Patients at PMA+SA had better than PMA group pain relief only during 2 hours postoperatively. Groups PMA+I and PMA+IS did not demand nalbuphine at al. Their pain scores were significant less than at PMA group during 2 postoperative days. Conclusions. Postoperative analgesia on-demand is not adequate but the PMA is. Subarachnoid block results in decreasing severity of pain only during first hours postoperatively. The additional bupivacaine wound infiltration in patients with lumbar herniated disc follows avoiding of opioids and significant pain relief during 2 postoperative days.