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Article

Models for Arts and Culture Financial Support

Journal of US-China Public Administration. 2016. Vol. 13. No. 3. P. 173-180.
The purpose of this paper is to identify main approaches for the state support of cultural sector, their underpinning concepts and complex of financial instruments, using Russian and international practice. The paper examines and builds connections among basic theories, objectives, and financial instruments shaping main approaches to the public support of cultural sector and compares three corresponding models—paternalistic, investment, and stimulating. Three different models of public support for arts and culture: Paternalistic model implies making compensation of the objective revenue deficit in the cultural institutions with the aid of budgetary allocations; investment model means increasing government investment in the humanitarian field to ensure the transition to the innovation and knowledge-based economy and to sustainable social and economic growth; stimulating model implies creating conditions for the cultural industries development and creative class attraction, providing international competitiveness of the nations and cities in the global economy. The paper concludes that the models are not necessarily alternative, they complement each other rather than exclude. The paper, exploring the evolution of government support models for arts and culture, contributes to the discussion on the approaches to public financing for cultural sector in times of the budgetary restrictions on public spending and the changed role of culture in the society.