再论19世纪末20世纪初俄国消费水平和革命的原因 (A Fresh Study on Russian Standards of Consumption and the Cause of Revolution in the 19th Century and the Early 20th Century)
The large number of statistics data from the transportation of freight and passengers in the state railways , the bank savings of residents , the land planning of Stolypin agricultural reform has fully proved that national economy of Russia was making progress, people's standards of consumption were rising constantly, Witt's and Stolypin's reforms had succeeded, the construction of national modernization had accomplished positive achivements in the late 19th century and the early 20th century. Some points of view from the- field of Russian historiography need further consideration, such as exporting grains instead of filling the belly, the heavy burden of peasantry' s tax and so on. According to the comparison and analysis between the yield of main food crops and the export tendency, it suggests that the amount of Russian main food crops needed to satisfy the national market increased greatly, while foreign markets played a smaller and smaller role and the proportion of the export volume of the majority of food crops to the yield descends. The burden of Russian peasantry's tax relieved greatly since the 1880s, although the tax that peasantry owes to the state increased, they losed the ability to pay not because of the heavy burden of tax, and the amout of tax underpaid is not directly related to the amount of the tax that they should pay. The conditions of Russian people's welfare after 1861 "Great Reform" improved continually, so we can't explore the cause of revolution that erupts in the early 20th century in term of the poverty of people's life.