Increased attendances of people of eastern European origin at sexual health services in London
Objective: To describe the service use of migrants from eight central and eastern European (CEE) countries at two central London genitourinary medicine (GUM) clinics before and after accession to the European Union on 1 May 2004.
Methods: KC60 data collected between 1 June 2001 and 30 April 2007. Data refer to new attendances and exclude those attending for follow-up appointments.
Results: 102 604 people attended the clinics at least once over the study period. Between May 2006 and 30 April 2007 individuals born in the eight CEE countries accounted for 7.9% of attendances among women and 2.5% of attendances made by men; the proportion increasing significantly over the 6-year study period (p<0.001). Syphilis was more likely in CEE men (age-adjusted odds ratio (OR) 2.98, 95% CI 1.07 to 8.29) and family planning services were more likely to be required for CEE women (23.9% vs 12.4%, age-adjusted OR 2.33, 95% CI 2.02 to 2.68, p<0.001), than for those born elsewhere. A larger proportion of men from CEE countries were recorded as homosexual or bisexual than men from other countries (38.3% vs 31.9%, p = 0.003).
Conclusions: CEE migrants already have a substantial impact on GUM services in London. If attendance rates continue at the current level CEE women will soon account for over 10% of new attendances. Although the majority of CEE migrants are men, proportionately fewer CEE men accessed GUM services than women. Sexual and reproductive health services need to adapt quickly to meet the needs of this growing population.
This book is novel not only in its theoretical framework, which places racialisation in post-communist societies and their modernist political projects at the centre of processes of global racism, but also in being the first account to examine both these new national contexts and the interconnections between racisms in these four regions of the Baltic states, the Southern Caucasus, Central Asia and Belarus, Moldova and Ukraine, and elsewhere. Assessments of the significance of the contemporary geopolitical contexts of armed conflict, economic transformation and political transition for racial discourse are central themes, and the book highlights the creative, innovative and persistent power of contemporary forms of racial governance which has central significance for understanding contemporary societies.
The book will be of interest to scholars and students in the areas of racism and ethnicity studies.
The materials on the subject “Immigration in France” are prepared on the basis of the website www.histoire-immigration.fr. They help students of non-linguistic higher educational establishments to form the idea of the major stages of French immigration and study in detail the related lexis.
The given materials are aimed to draw students’ attention to the principal problems in the French society, to develop tolerance to migrants, forced migrants and refugees.
Face and facework concepts are considered as well as interconnection between facework strategies and conflict styles is described. Special attention is devoted to facework meaning in migrants and members of receiving society interaction.
This compendium comprises transcripts of the two workshops on 'Empowering displaced people and migrants through online services' and 'Free Software and Human Rights on the Internet' organized by the Higher School of Economics on the 8th Internet Governance Forum (Bali, Indonesia, 22–25 October, 2013) and relevant articles on legal and technological issues of Internet Governance in sphere of human rights, prepared by the group of legal and technical scholars of information studies. This compendium is devoted to the 9th Meeting of the Internet Governance Forum held in Istanbul, Turkey, 2–5 September 2014.
Due to the technological development we faced problem of not implementing new technologies in order to help displaced people and refugees or sometimes we only introduce some basic services. It is necessary to remind about disasters which we unfortunately can’t predict and which usually completely change citizens’ life. People have to move from their neighborhood to other places (usually) to other countries where they do not know local cultural specification and traditions, local laws and they are not able to assimilate easily.
Technological development already introduced to us global networks – like Internet and GSM, and mobile technologies and devices – like cellphones, tablets and laptops.
The most common and popular solution is our cell phone. For the last 10 years manufacturers brought cell phones to the new level of development – with cell phone hardware and software called mobile applications which resulted to the fast growth of mobile devices and applications popularity. Mobile devices give us mobility and it is one of the key factors made them popular.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The paper studies a problem of optimal insurer’s choice of a risk-sharing policy in a dynamic risk model, so-called Cramer-Lundberg process, over infinite time interval. Additional constraints are imposed on residual risks of insureds: on mean value or with probability one. An optimal control problem of minimizing a functional of the form of variation coefficient is solved. We show that: in the first case the optimum is achieved at stop loss insurance policies, in the second case the optimal insurance is a combination of stop loss and deductible policies. It is proved that the obtained results can be easily applied to problems with other optimization criteria: maximization of long-run utility and minimization of probability of a deviation from mean trajectory.