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## On Hölder-continuity of Oseledets subspaces

For Hölder cocycles over a Lipschitz base transformation, possibly non-invertible, we show that the subbundles given by the Oseledets Theorem are Hölder-continuous on compact sets of measure arbitrarily close to 1. The results extend to vector bundle automorphisms, as well as to the Kontsevich-Zorich cocycle over the Teichmüller flow on the moduli space of abelian differentials. Following a recent result of Chaika-Eskin, our results also extend to any given Teichmüller disk. © 2015 London Mathematical Society.

Asymptotic properties of products of random matrices ξ k = X k …X 1 as k → ∞ are analyzed. All product terms X i are independent and identically distributed on a finite set of nonnegative matrices A = {A 1, …, A m }. We prove that if A is irreducible, then all nonzero entries of the matrix ξ k almost surely have the same asymptotic growth exponent as k→∞, which is equal to the largest Lyapunov exponent λ(A). This generalizes previously known results on products of nonnegative random matrices. In particular, this removes all additional “nonsparsity” assumptions on matrices imposed in the literature.We also extend this result to reducible families. As a corollary, we prove that Cohen’s conjecture (on the asymptotics of the spectral radius of products of random matrices) is true in case of nonnegative matrices.

We introduce a new approach to evaluate the largest Lyapunov exponent of a family of nonnegative matrices. The method is based on using special positive homogeneous functionals on , which gives iterative lower and upper bounds for the Lyapunov exponent. They improve previously known bounds and converge to the real value. The rate of convergence is estimated and the efficiency of the algorithm is demonstrated on several problems from applications (in functional analysis, combinatorics, and language theory) and on numerical examples with randomly generated matrices. The method computes the Lyapunov exponent with a prescribed accuracy in relatively high dimensions (up to 60). We generalize this approach to all matrices, not necessarily nonnegative, derive a new universal upper bound for the Lyapunov exponent, and show that a potential similar lower bound does not exist in general.

Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.

Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.