On full exceptional collections of line bundles on del Pezzo surfaces
We prove that any numerically exceptional collection of maximal length, consisting of line bundles, on a smooth del Pezzo surface is a standard augmentation in the sense of L.Hille and M.Perling. We deduce that any such collection is exceptional and full.
We introduce a new construction of exceptional objects in the derived category of coherent sheaves on a compact homogeneous space of a semisimple algebraic group and show that it produces exceptional collections of the length equal to the rank of the Grothendieck group on homogeneous spaces of all classical groups.
We conjecture that derived categories of coherent sheaves on fake projective n-spaces have a semi-orthogonal decomposition into a collection of n+1 exceptional objects and a category with vanishing Hochschild homology. We prove this for fake projective planes with non-abelian automorphism group (such as Keum’s surface). Then by passing to equivariant categories we construct new examples of phantom categories with both Hochschild homology and Grothendieck group vanishing.
The asymptotic behaviour of solutions to the quantum differential equation of a Fano manifold F defines a characteristic class A_F of F, called the principal asymptotic class. Gamma conjecture of Vasily Golyshev and the present authors claims that the principal asymptotic class A_F equals the Gamma class associated to Euler's Gamma-function. We illustrate in the case of toric varieties, toric complete intersections and Grassmannians how this conjecture follows from mirror symmetry. We also prove that Gamma conjecture is compatible with taking hyperplane sections, and give a heuristic argument how the mirror oscillatory integral and the Gamma class for the projective space arise from the polynomial loop space.
We define the normal Hochschild cohomology of an admissible subcategory of the derived category of coherent sheaves on a smooth projective variety $X$ --- a graded vector space which controls the restriction morphism from the Hochschild cohomology of $X$ to the Hochschild cohomology of the orthogonal complement of this admissible subcategory. When the subcategory is generated by an exceptional collection, we define its new invariant (the height) and show that the orthogonal to an exceptional collection of height $h$ in the derived category of a smooth projective variety $X$ has the same Hochschild cohomology as $X$ in degrees up to $h - 2$. We use this to describe the second Hochschild cohomology of quasiphantom categories in the derived categories of some surfaces of general type. We also give necessary and sufficient conditions of fullness of an exceptional collection in terms of its height and of its normal Hochschild cohomology.
Let k be a field of characteristic zero, let G be a connected reductive algebraic group over k and let g be its Lie algebra. Let k(G), respectively, k(g), be the field of k- rational functions on G, respectively, g. The conjugation action of G on itself induces the adjoint action of G on g. We investigate the question whether or not the field extensions k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G are purely transcendental. We show that the answer is the same for k(G)/k(G)^G and k(g)/k(g)^G, and reduce the problem to the case where G is simple. For simple groups we show that the answer is positive if G is split of type A_n or C_n, and negative for groups of other types, except possibly G_2. A key ingredient in the proof of the negative result is a recent formula for the unramified Brauer group of a homogeneous space with connected stabilizers. As a byproduct of our investigation we give an affirmative answer to a question of Grothendieck about the existence of a rational section of the categorical quotient morphism for the conjugating action of G on itself.
Let G be a connected semisimple algebraic group over an algebraically closed field k. In 1965 Steinberg proved that if G is simply connected, then in G there exists a closed irreducible cross-section of the set of closures of regular conjugacy classes. We prove that in arbitrary G such a cross-section exists if and only if the universal covering isogeny Ĝ → G is bijective; this answers Grothendieck's question cited in the epigraph. In particular, for char k = 0, the converse to Steinberg's theorem holds. The existence of a cross-section in G implies, at least for char k = 0, that the algebra k[G]G of class functions on G is generated by rk G elements. We describe, for arbitrary G, a minimal generating set of k[G]G and that of the representation ring of G and answer two Grothendieck's questions on constructing generating sets of k[G]G. We prove the existence of a rational (i.e., local) section of the quotient morphism for arbitrary G and the existence of a rational cross-section in G (for char k = 0, this has been proved earlier); this answers the other question cited in the epigraph. We also prove that the existence of a rational section is equivalent to the existence of a rational W-equivariant map T- - - >G/T where T is a maximal torus of G and W the Weyl group.