Мультииндексные технологии в задачах планирования поставок товаров
The article discusses the features of the practical implementation of the concept of supply "just in sequence» (JIS). Relevance of the topic due to the need to improve the traditional methods of supply in connection with the expansion of the range of consumer preferences in the highly competitive market and the need to reduce logistics costs. The general principles and the practical results of the implementation of JIS-deliveries on the example of automobile plants are given. The formulas to calculate the costs per unit of JIS-deliveries are given. The analysis of the economic efficiency of JIS- deliveries compared to deliveries "just in time» (JIT) is made. The findings suggest that the compact arrangement of products supplied to the JIS-carts, and their turnover can reduce the cost per unit of delivered products several times. In addition, the application of the concept of JIS-deliveries brings significant economic advantages as a result of logistics "pull" techniques and lean manufacturing that can reduce buffer zones for storage of semi-finished products and reduce storage areas for delivered products. According to the criterion of logistics costs per unit of output, investigated the optimal scope of JIS - deliveries depending on transport distances. The study showed that the JIS-deliveries over short distances (up to 10km) are more beneficial than those deliveries over long distances. The reasons of reducing the effectiveness of the JIS - deliveries over long distances are given as a result of violation of the principle of "through-load unit." Practical recommendations are given for the broad implementation and improvement of economic efficiency of JIS-deliveries; the requirements to unified information system are formulated.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management