Основные тренды и стратегические направления развития в розничной торговле
In 2012, gross retail sales volumes finally reached and exceeded the pre-crisis period of 2008. The industry is fully recovered from the recession, and majors set new milestones for business growth. Therefore the important task for logisticians in retail companies is to analyze main stages and projections for industry development, strengths and weaknesses of chosen market strategies, its impact to decision making process within distribution network designing. The article presents the periodization of the development of retail trade in Russia, market performance and description of market leaders in the industry at the current stage, key market trends and major strategic concerns. All these aspects are considered by the author in linkage with logistics management, structure and configuration of distribution network for retail companies.
This article investigates contemporary distribution processes in the industrial market. The main trend in distribution during the recent decades manifests itself in a growing number of network-type distribution chains. Based on the evolutionary trends in distribution research, we came up with the idea to investigate distribution networks processes using mathematical tools of probability theory. We consider a distribution network in a stochastic way, where a focal agent optimizes the distribution chain at each decision-making node by switching between possible partners. This allows us to apply time-homogeneous Markov chains theory to explore the partner selection process. We present an approach that allows for the estimating of implicit non-price variables of partner choice in a supply chain.
The present article consistently analyzes different methods of historical research. The authors consider the typology of methods. Special attention is paid to such methods as narrative, historical-genetic, comparative, typological, structural, systematic, and method of periodization.
The paper aims to investigate the process of establishing distribution network. The paper takes network paradigm as a main basis of investigation looking at the development of distribution networks in Russian chemical industry.
The periodization of historical process determines a definite scale and scope to compare societies and identify their development level in a certain period. Such a periodization can be based on the most significant technological changes – productive revolutions (agrarian, industrial, informational-scientific). Industrial revolution can be divided into two stages: the beginning of the first one is dated to the 15–16th centuries (the early industrial revolution), the start of the second stage – to 1730–60s (the industrial breakthrough). Thus, the early Modern period (the late 15th – the late 18th centuries) is the time when both stages of the industrial revolution took place, i.e. this period can be considered to obtain an inner wholeness and structure in terms of the theory of periodization of historical process.
Nowadays, the formation and development of an asset management system of "Russian Grids" is one of the key processes and priorities of the company, covering all levels of strategy. On the one hand, the relevance of finding an optimal asset management strategy is caused by a necessity to synchronize the strategies of different business levels with the company’s strategy and to transmit the relationships between the strategies into the key performance indicators of business processes. On the other hand, all the subsidiaries of "Russian Grids" are at different levels of development, and the same goals could not be achieved by all companies at the same time. This article considers one of the possible approaches to searching an optimal asset management strategy for subsidiaries under the general direction of unified asset management strategy development and the corporate strategy. The asset management strategy choice depends on the level of its maturity and efficiency of the company with condition of necessity to synchronize the strategies of different business levels and to decompose relationships between these strategies through corresponding key performance indicators.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management