“The mountain teaches silence” – these words from “Meditation on the Peaks” by Julius Evola highlight the special place, which mountains occupied in western esotericism. Julius Evola, Aleister Crowley, Otto Rahn were also ardent mountain climbers and saw in the conquest of the mountains the analogue of the inner spiritual path. For different currents of theosophy mountains was the habitat of a mysterious “spiritual masters” (Blavatsky – the Himalayas; Roerich – the Altai mountains). For the writer Algernon Blackwood the Caucasus Mountains was a place where man can attain spiritual rebirth. There are various explanations for the popularity of the mountains in the esotericism at the turn of the century. For the Europeans high inaccessible mountains represent the final frontier, places not yet reached a civilized man, and therefore shelter for mysteries and secrets. It is no coincidence that after the conquest of Everest in 1953 stories about space aliens become so popular, exotic border has shifted outside the earth. The role of the mountains might also be explained due to their significance for traditional religions.