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Article

Method of the analysis of gender segregation at the regional labour market

Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences. 2015. Vol. 6. No. 3. P. 161-168.
Sarycheva T., Bakumenko L., Mkhitarian V., Dubrova T. A.

The labour markets of both a region and a country are characterized by a certain level of gender segregation. For the objective assessment of this phenomenon it is necessary to have a clear understanding of how this level changes over time, which processes at the labour market and in society facilitate the increase or decrease of gender asymmetry in the distribution of employees between economic activities and occupations and which economic consequences are caused by segregation. The questions raised are studied in the paper in terms of the dynamics of employed by the economic activities, which on the one hand reflects the desire of workers to be employed in certain activities and, on the other hand, characterizes the real employment opportunities. In order to identify the gender peculiarities of the changes in the regional employment structure, the authors suggested the methodology, based on the qualitative and quantitative approach to the assessment of the dynamics of the number of employed. The use of the index of dissimilarity allowed defining the share of employers of the same gender, which should have changed the sphere of activity provided that the employees of the other gender remain at their jobs, in order to achieve the equal distribution of men and women by economic activities. The obtained data confirm the necessity to implement the measures for the reduction of the gender segregation in the employment structure of the regional employment. © MCSER-Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research.