Advice by an Informed Intermediary: Can You Trust Your Broker
The main purpose of the research was studying an employee in small and medium-sized businesses as an active actor of modern social-labor relations. The data array contains 502 employees in Nizhny Novgorod. The research was focused on their goals and values and on the characteristics of their interaction with other actors of social-labor relations, especially with employers. The results evidence vulnerability of the group and it’s concentration on archiving financial stability and wellness. Was made a conclusion about self-sufficiency of employees almost in all labor aspects. Active interactions was stated just inside of current places of employment.
In the framework of a ﬁrst-price private-value auction, we study the seller as a player in a game with the buyers in which he has private information about their realized valuations. We ask whether the seller can beneﬁt by using his private information strategically. We ﬁnd that in fact, depending upon his information, available signals, and his commitment power, he may indeed increase his revenue by strategic transmission of his information.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.