Approval and implementation of the revised text of WTO Government procurement agreement (GPA) became the events of vital importance not only for the GPA Parties, but for the whole process of WTO multilateral trade negotiations during last decades as well. The main purposes of the GPA revision were renewal and improvement of the Agreement and extension of its coverage. Among the results of negotiations, the following are the most significant: clear description of transitional measures and other opportunities for developing countries after accession to the GPA, incorporation of electronic procurement provisions and remarkable extension of market access commitments among the Parties to the GPA
The System of GATT/WTO worked rather good for about 50 years producing required trade rules. In XXIc. International trade changed profoundly. But the WTO did not adapt to the changes. The megaregional trade agreements like TPP can provide trade with some modern rules but cannot bring universal solution. It is time to start to consider a system of multi-pillar global trade governance with the WTO as a central pillar. This system will be a new system of Global trade governance.
This publication was prepared for the anniversary of the head of the Department of International and European Law, Doctor of Law, Professor Pavel Biriukov. It contains the materials of the international scientific practical conference “Modern international law: globalization and integration”, held on September 9, 2016 at the Voronezh State University. Authors (lawyers from Russia and foreign countries, colleagues, friends and scholars of P. Biriukov) highlight the problems of modern international law in the light of trends in the universalization and regionalization. All materials are published with a strict compliance with the original files presented by its authors. This publication is addressed to teachers and students of law schools and faculties.
In the last 15 years the reciprocity of regional trade agreements on services has become a global phenomenon. Whereas main provisions regulating access to the services market are fixed by specific obligations under the General Agreement on Trade in Services, RTAs have been considered a flexible means for liberalization and an expedient to protect national service providers. This article explores the role of the GATS and other agreements, both under and not under the mandate of the World Trade Organization, in trade blocs. The econometric model developed by the authors shows that the removal of restrictions for foreign suppliers under domestic regulation (consumer protection, regulation of labor market) and the elimination of discriminatory measures on foreign investments that affect trade in goods are likely to be more important for the expansion of services trade on a preferential basis than the GATS-type liberalization.