Организация внеурочной самостоятельной деятельности по математике
Our experience of the organization of extracurricular independent work of upper-form pupils when doing homework in mathematics in educational institutions of Perm is described. The practical use of a thematic test complex on the main sections of a school algebra course, aimed at individualization and differentiation of teaching, is presented.
The article considers the questions of the use of educational tests for the formation of the skills, systematization of knowledge and monitoring the results of teaching mathematical disciplines at National Research University Higher School of Economics – Perm branch. Presents the technology of the use of educational and methodical complex consisting of multilevel thematic tests according to the main sections of the course of the higher mathematics. The author shares the experience of using tests in teaching of a course of the higher mathematics in an economic university. It is proposed to use the educational tests not only for monitoring the results, but as a training tool for systematization of knowledge and organization of independent activity of students, including their out-of-class work.
This second volume of Relevant issues in language testing is a reflection of the ongoing innovative interdisciplinary project that has been carried out under the aegis of Saint-Petersburg State University. The project united both overseas and domestic professionals in linguistics, language teaching other relevant areas that belong to testing. The book covers broad range of actual matters that have to do with language testing, which has become part and parcel of language learning and teaching. The paper in question presented in Chapter 8 that deals with IT technologies in test compilation, test assessment as well as reliable interpretation of test results. Firstly, it reveals corpus potential in the areas mentioned. In addition, the article provides some examples of using authentic corpus data for developing content – relevant testing materials. Finally, the author elaborates on corpus statistics use in language testing, which, as it is shown in the article, enables professionals to provide high quality assessment tools at the cutting-edge of corpus liquistics.
The tasks and problems reflecting universality and beauty of the method of uncertain coefficients in a school course of algebra are considered in the article. The idea of the method will allow pupils to expand the ideas of operation with polynomials, to reveal another way of division of a polynomial into a polynomial, to acquire skills of disposal of irrationality in a fraction denominator, to learn to display the proper rational fraction into the elementary ones. The examples given in the article can be useful for both mathematics teachers, and the pupils who are seriously involved in mathematics.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.