Права учащихся и возможности их реализации в сельских школах
At present, choosing a course book that satisfies students’ expectations studying IT and meets modern standards of higher education is a challenging task for the teacher of the ESP (English for specific purposes) course ‘English for Information Technology’. In the field of IT, where knowledge is updated by about 30% each year, the content of existing textbooks quickly becomes obsolete and does not motivate students. To ensure the link between learning and real life with its modern trends in IT development, a course book “English for IT” was introduced. It is based on authentic internet video resources, such as YouTube and TED Talks and covers various areas where information technologies are currently applied. The paper reveals some methodological aspects used in a course book design followed by some examples of the tasks targeted at developing language skills in the aspects of listening, reading and the lexical and grammatical skills of speaking.
Institutions affect investment decisions, including investments in human capital. Hence institutions are relevant for the allocation of talent. Good market-supporting institutions attract talent to productive value-creating activities, whereas poor ones raise the appeal of rent-seeking. We propose a theoretical model that predicts that more talented individuals are particularly sensitive in their career choices to the quality of institutions, and test these predictions on a sample of around 95 countries of the world. We find a strong positive association between the quality of institutions and graduation of college and university students in science, and an even stronger negative correlation with graduation in law. Our findings are robust to various specifications of empirical models, including smaller samples of former colonies and transition countries. The quality of human capital makes the distinction between educational choices under strong and weak institutions particularly sharp. We show that the allocation of talent is an important link between institutions and growth.