Публичные и бюджетные доходы: сущность и понятие
The legislation doesn't contain concepts of the public income and their sources but it existing in science. Meanwhile these concepts are demanded not only in science, but also in practice of regulation of public finance
This article analyzes the jurisprudence in the area of seizure of land through foreclosure. After analyzing the practice of the Superior Courts of the Russian Federation, in the conclusion that there are problems in the regulation of seizure of land under federal ownership. Analysis of the practice of courts of general jurisdiction led to the conclusion that in most cases the courts side with the state and municipal authorities, took the decision to withdraw land through foreclosure.
This article discusses the objectives and challenges for corporate governance of SOEs in Russia, and provides an international perspective of the performance of SOEs as compared to privately owned companies. Recent trends in the policy and management of state property are described. The problems of corporate governance in Russia are described in an agency perspective, and survey evidence on corporate governance and transparency of Russian SOEs is provided. Particular attention is given to the legal construction of the state corporation. The final section on the performance effects of state ownership summarizes the key contributions in the international economic literature in this field.
This article provides empirical analysis of the macroeconomic effects of state presence in the financial sector. We develop a set of criteria and execute statistical estimates of the phenomenon based on BRIC country-level data. We assume that at macro-level negative effects of state presence are not indisputable but considerably depend on the country's stage of economic development. According to our estimates government control over banking industry might stimulate financial intermediation only if economic development is low. In terms of other economic development indicators we conclude that for low-income countries state presence might impede investment activity and productivity growth but as the economy develops these effects flicker out or even reverse.
This article analyzes the extent and sectoral distribution of state ownership in the Russian economy. The different legal forms of state-owned enterprises (SOEs) in Russia are described. Official data on the evolution of the size of the state sector is provided, where the size is measured by the number of SOEs, their share in employment, fixed assets, investment and industrial production. Shortcomings of the official ownership classification are highlighted. Next, the sectoral distribution of SOEs and the degree of their internationalization is described. Finally, data on the SOEs that are listed on the stock market is presented. It gives a picture of a much stronger involvement of the government in medium and large sized companies than what can be inferred from the official data. In a second part (to be published in the next issue of this journal) the governance problems and performance effects of state ownership are discussed.
This book is about twenty-year's experience of privatization in different countries including Russia. The book also includes sestematozation of academic views at the problems of state failures and effectiveness of the state owership.
In the book documents on the design, adoption and execution of the annual state budgets of the USSR during the Great Patriotic War are published. The publication includes resolutions of the Sovnarkom (Council of People's Commissars) of the USSR on the approval of the budgets, materials on the coordination of budget items, expert assessments made by the Narkomat (People's Commissariat) for Finance, the Gosplan (State Planning Committee) and the Gosbank (State Bank) of the USSR on the budgets for each year of the war. A significant part of the book is occupied by documents characterizing methods of incomes mobilization and changes in a structure of revenues during the war period. The published documents contain important information on the amount of revenues and expenditures (including expenditures for military needs), on emission and stages of overcoming the budget deficit. The book ends with materials on the transition of the budgetary system to peacetime practices, which gradually began at the final stage of the war.
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/