ГЛАГОЛЫ СО ЗНАЧЕНИМ СОЖАЛЕНИЯ И ОГОРЧЕНИЯ В РУССКОМ ЯЗЫКЕ И ТЕМПОРАЛЬНЫЕ ОТНОШЕНИЯ
The paper deals with the lexical typology of words which refer to closing (cf. English close, shut, lock, cover, bar, etc.) and opening (open, uncover, unlock, unwrap, etc.). The former domain includes situations of preventing access to a static object by creating a barrier, whereas the latter deals with creating access to a static object by removing a barrier. In particular, we have singled out the following situations involved in lexical oppositions:Barrier in a building (door, window), sometimes requiring Instrument Barrier for the motion Barrier for the visual perception of a functional part (book, newspaper) “Self-closing” body parts (eyes, mouth), Covering (in contact with a surface), with further distinctions between complete and partial coverage, flexible and inflexible Instrument Containers (pan, bag): sometimes the same verb as used for covering with sth. flexible (seal). Hole with a possible difference between filling in a 3-D space and just covering a split or fracture in a flat surface Barrier for the visual perception or for impact
Some situations of closing can be conceptualized by lexemes from other domains.
Verbs of opening are often asymmetrical to verbs of closing, which provides a cross-linguistic confirmation and some new perspectives to the idea of asymmetry between antonyms and which in our case concerns particular lexical collocations, the general structure of semantic oppositions, and constructional patterns.
The paper is focused on the study of reaction of italian literature critics on the publication of the Boris Pasternak's novel "Doctor Jivago". The analysys of the book ""Doctor Jivago", Pasternak, 1958, Italy" (published in Russian language in "Reka vremen", 2012, in Moscow) is given. The papers of italian writers, critics and historians of literature, who reacted immediately upon the publication of the novel (A. Moravia, I. Calvino, F.Fortini, C. Cassola, C. Salinari ecc.) are studied and analised.
In the article the patterns of the realization of emotional utterances in dialogic and monologic speech are described. The author pays special attention to the characteristic features of the speech of a speaker feeling psychic tension and to the compositional-pragmatic peculiarities of dialogic and monologic text.