Внедрение инноваций в сфере государственного управления: проблемы и факторы
The construct of administrative traditions is at the heart of public administration. Investigating the spread of intellectual ideas between German, French and US scholars over the period 1870 – 1970, the study demonstrates that “it is more realistic to interpret intellectual traditions as crossbreeds, instead of distinctively and uniquely German, French and US breeds” (Sager, Rosser, Mavrot & Hurni, 2018, p. 3). The study supports the notion that intellectual innovation requires strong publication output, a scientific network, and institutional support.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.