A review of Barbara Weinstein's book The Color of Modernity.
Author presents results of the scientific seminar " Legal regulation of economic activities in China and Russia" (series" Legal aspects of BRICS " ), held in St. Petersburg by the Law Faculty of the Higher School of Economics - St. Petersburg Branch, with a participation of 15 colleagues from 6 universities of China.
A book review for 'Favela media activism' by Leonardo Custódio
In the late 2000s, a number of analysts were optimistic about Brazil’s future. Their expectant analyses did not bear out, however, as a political and economic crisis developed just as Brazil was gearing up to host two mega-events, the World Cup in 2014 and the Olympic Games in 2016. This paper has two aims. The first is to deepen our understanding of the crisis through examining one of the foremost social actors to emerge in this period: the Landless Workers’ Movement (Movimento de Trabalhadores Sem-Teto, MTST). The second is to use this case to consider the potential for the sociology of critical capacity—a field of theory that emerged out of the Political and Moral Sociology Research Group in Paris in the 1980s—to contribute to theorising the ‘justification work’ of movements and protest publics.
Participatory Budgeting is an innovation in direct democracy that has grown in popularity over the past twenty years or so. Developed first in the city of Porto Alegre, capital of Brazil’s southernmost state, Rio Grande do Sul, it has since spread to cities throughout the country and across the world. Where countless other direct democracy projects in effect become merely presentational spaces for state agencies, participatory budgeting has become renowned for the purchase on government decision-making it affords the participating public. The direct petitioning of government actors with concrete demands, a defining feature of participatory budgets, gives participants identifiable objectives around which to rally. Drawing on long term ethnographic fieldwork on participatory institutions in Santo André in Brazil, I examine the ritualizations of power and participation which shape the way that participants make petitions to assembled elites and negotiate and fight for their demands. Rather than provide synoptic portrayals of citizen participation, I show how government orchestrates strategies of ritualization over a number of interconnecting meetings in such a way that legitimizes the moves of the administrative elite and yet also provides the public with a foothold in the contest over the city budget.