Simulation of Bipolar Transistor Degradation at Various Dose Rates and Electrical Modes for High Dose Conditions
Radiation response of bipolar devices irradiated under various electrical modes and dose rates at high doses has been studied. A nonlinear numerical model including ELDRS effects and electric field reduction at high doses has been developed and validated. Dose degradation of a bipolar transistor's gain factor at different dose rates and electrical modes has been simulated and explained in a unified way, based on dependence of the charge yield in isolation oxides on dose rates and electric fields. It has been shown that at high doses one needs to use a nonlinear, self-consistent numerical approach, accounting for simultaneous suppression of the oxide electric field induced by trapped charge. Correspondingly, two types of degradation saturation have been revealed: (i) due to simultaneous thermal annealing, and (ii) due to total dose dependent electric field reduction in oxides. The former implies proportionality of the saturation dose and degradation level to dose rate, the latter permits dose rate independent saturation levels of degradation.
Investigated the effect of annealing on the optical properties of metallic films obtained by setting the plasma-focus "PF-4" on glass substrates. The transmission spectra of these films before and after annealing in air at about 900 K for about 10 minutes. Shows the effect of carbon on the optical properties and electrical conductivity of the films.
In the paper the content of individual elements (Fe, Co, Zr, Ca and F) contained in nanocomposites FeCoZr ferromagnetic alloy in the CaF2 transparent ceramics dielectric matrix, depending on the content of the metal phase x was determined by the X-ray diffusion microanalysis (EDX) method. The nanocomposites were made by sputtering by argon ions. Investigations of changes in the chemical composition of nanocomposites under the influence of high-temperature treatments were carried out using the thermogravimetry method in the temperature range from 25 °C to 1000 °C with a temperature increase rate of 10 °C/min. On the basis of the research, a model of changes of the structural-phase state of nanogranular layers of ferromagnetic alloy Fe45Co45Zr10 in the transparent ceramics CaF2 matrix occurring under the influence of high-temperature treatments was proposed.
Generalized error-locating codes are discussed. An algorithm for calculation of the upper bound of the probability of erroneous decoding for known code parameters and the input error probability is given. Based on this algorithm, an algorithm for selection of the code parameters for a specified design and input and output error probabilities is constructed. The lower bound of the probability of erroneous decoding is given. Examples of the dependence of the probability of erroneous decoding on the input error probability are given and the behavior of the obtained curves is explained.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.