Формирование комплекса методов принятия решений при управлении транспортировкой в цепях поставок
Transportation is a key logistic function involving removal and relocation of material assets, production in progress, and finished products in vehicles using an established transportation technology.
According to statistical data, the total logistic spending on performance of logistic operations in supply networks varies, in different countries, from 10% (e.g. in the US) to 20% of the GDP (Singapore, the Russian Federation). A large-scale analysis enables categorizing these expenses by basic components: transportation (40-45%), storage and stock management (30-40%), and administrative and managerial functions (up to 15%). It is obvious that the reduction of transportation costs is a burning issue whose settlement will improve efficiency of the logistic systems.
A promising solution to the established problem is development of the methodological support including relevant models and methods of evaluating the transport and logistic operations. However, the methods considered in research publications are fragmentary and incomplete while the existing analytical apparatus used for optimizing the costs in transport and logistic systems needs rework and concretization that would take into account the specifics of the supply networks.
The article deals with transportation management methods in supply chains and presents the author's flowchart to choose a delivery system in supply chains, that summarizes modern methodology approaches and solutions connected with transportation in supply chains, describes the methodology to do an economic evaluation of made decisions in transportation management on the basis of KPIs, describing company’s logistics based on the cost management concept.