Профессиональные сообщества: возможности формирования и использования в организации
The article is devoted to the possibilities of formation and using within the organization of professional community. The advantages of using communities, both for the organization and for the participants are highlighted. The interactions between the participants, the characteristic of the roles they can perform are describes. Conditions that increase the effectiveness of the professional community are studied. The possible ways of tangible and intangible motivation of most distinguished members of the professional community in the organization are described.
In this article on the basis of archival documents and materials of the professional press observes the ideas spreaded in Russia in the 1990s of the tourism professional community about the phenomenon of the tourism. It was the period when the old ideas fell and the new rose, which should have been particularly reflected in the tourism industry, in soviet time had been under the high ideology pressure. The article deals with ideas typical of the majority of industry representatives in the 1990s: perception of the country's tourism potential as high and unique, unconditional interest of foreigners to Russia, the important impact of tourism on social progress, the solid educational and developing influence of travel on tourists. It is also shows the rudiments of fear and mistrust to everything from abroad. The article traces how the people associated with the travel industry saw the meaning of their work, which ways to develop tourism in Russia they suggested. Inside the professional community identifies the special groups, each of them advocating the priority development of one of the three types of travel-related leisure activities, united in one term “tourism”. The representatives of the “commercial” version wanted to earn foreign currency for the state by attracting guests from abroad. Supporters of sport tourism positioned themselves as an alternative to "commerce" and speak about physical development of the nation. Those who offered to develop social tourism planned to make travel accessible to all Russian citizens. Finally, the conclusion is made that the set of views in the professional society in the 1990s., with all its hopes and fears, was largely set by the ideological legacy of the Soviet era.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management