состоялось ли глобальное управление
One of the popular answers to the challenges of the modern world is the concept of global governance. Does it exist really/ This is the questyion J/ Kirton answers in his book.
This book analyzes the state of global governance in the current geopolitical environment. It evaluates the main challenges and discusses potential opportunities for compromise in international cooperation. The book’s analysis is based on the universal criteria of global political stability and the UN framework of sustainable development. By examining various global problems, including global economic inequality, legal and political aspects of access to resources, international trade, and climate change, as well as the attendant global economic and political confrontations between key global actors, the book identifies a growing crisis and the pressing need to transform the current system of global governance. In turn, it discusses various instruments, measures and international regulation mechanisms that can foster international cooperation in order to overcome global problems.
Addressing a broad range of topics, e.g. the international environmental regime, global financial problems, issues in connection with the energy transition, and the role of BRICS countries in global governance, the book will appeal to scholars in international relations, economics and law, as well as policy-makers in government offices and international organizations.
The modern system of global governance consists of a number of regimes in different issue-areas: security, finance, trade, investment and many other areas of global competition and cooperation. Despite a seemingly inexhaustible variety of those regimes, all of them may be classified by a finite (and small) number of governance structures. In our research, we defined seven types of governance structures, top–down: from global hierarchical coordinating bodies with powerful enforcement tools to a free international market. International actors based their choice of governance structures on a countable number of factors. Academic researchers working within the framework of transaction cost economics, primarily at the micro-level, investigated these factors.
This chapter seeks to identify the set of factors that played an important role in the choice of current modes of global governance, to trace their recent changes and to elucidate the economic rationale for the apparent or forecasted evolution of those governance structures. We focus our investigation on several global governance regimes—for energy, the environment and trade. Although these areas are transforming as the economic environment shifts, they nevertheless display patterns common to the general evolution of governance structures.
The debate on the increasing income and wealth inequalities in the USA and some other advanced economies often disregards the opposite trend, i.e. decreasing income inequalities between individuals throughout the entire world. The purpose of this chapter is to examine the potential trade-off between both trends and the role of globalisation in such a trade-off. Another important question relates to the impact of this trade-off on global governance. On the one hand, catch-up growth in emerging-market economies and the resulting decrease in global inequality can help reduce the economic and social sources of political conflicts and tensions between countries and enable their cooperation on various issues such as trade, environment, climate change, health, fighting terrorism, managing migration and many others. On the other hand, growing income inequalities within advanced economies can undermine the existing global political and economic order and boost protectionism and nationalistic egoism in many areas.
This chapter looks at the role of the globalised third sector in migration governance, and presents major theoretical and empirical contributions focusing on different aspects of the third sector’s, often ambiguous, role in migration politics and policy. It starts with a discussion on the third sector’s growing involvement in the migration field, then proceeds with an analysis of the third sector as new governors aspiring to shape migration regimes regionally and globally. The chapter uncovers complex patterns of interactions between the third sector and other actors in global migration governance, paying attention to aspects such as financial dependence of the third sector on donors, subordinated politics and competition for funding and prestige. The picture that emerges from this chapter indicates that the third sector is far from being and acting as a unified actor in migration governance.
It was a diplomatic coalition of the 21st century and it was the diplomatic coalition. decade. What is the intersection between these phenomena? How to make a difference? Which factors could explain the BRICS and towards the group? Issues Examined are for These in Russia, the BRICS and the Disruption of Order of Global by Rachel Salzman.
The book 'Indo-Pacific: Emerging Powers, Evolving Regions and Challenges to Global Governance' is an outcome of a collaborative project undertaken together by young and leading scholars on world affairs. Based on in-depth study and research the compendium brings to fore the implications of the shift in power to the Indo-Pacific region - the vast and single geo-strategic arc and geo-economic realm spanning the eastern Pacific Ocean to the western Indian Ocean along the eastern coast of Africa. As a new constellation of economic and political power, Indo-Pacific is influenced by the rise of China and India rapidly dwarfing all other regional constructs and centres of trade, investment, security, competition and cooperation across the world. The Indo-Pacific power narrative is not about China and India alone. The book devotes attention to the stakes of erstwhile super powers as well as middle powers of the region such as Australia, Indonesia and Japan. Encompassing half of the world's population and repository of vast natural resources with most important commercial water-ways criss-crossing the two-ocean region, the geostrategic significance of the Indo-Pacific is undoubted. A rich bibliography at the end provides access to policy debates and academic analyses concerning the different dimensions of the Indo-Pacific. The book 'Indo-Pacific' is a useful reader for policy-makers, scholars and students engaged in study, research and analysis on contemporary world affairs.