Russia and Multilateral Cooperation in Asia-Pacific
This article is devoted to developing collaboration between Russia and countries of Asia-Pacific region what has the form of multilateral cooperation in the region with respective prospective and challenges.
Russia's new 'pivot to Asia' increases the global significance of Russia's Siberia and Far East. Moscow's eastward turn is not only motivated by the growth of economic, strategic and political dynamism of Asia-Pacific. A more fundamental and far-reaching cause of Russia's withdrawal of its historic attraction to the West is the impact of the Global Financial Crisis on the United States and Europe and, as a consequence, a relative decline of the West's economic attractiveness. Given the current crisis in Ukraine, which has shed light upon the implications of a resurgent Russia and reshaped its relations with Asia Pacific, there has been growing interest amongst countries from the Asia-Pacific region in cooperating with Russia towards the development of Siberia and Russia's Far East. This timely edited collection includes chapters by internationally recognized experts from Russia, China, South Korea, Japan, Norway and Singapore. The contributors analyze political, economic, social and geostrategic roadblocks in the Russia/Asia Pacific relations, offering directions for further development.
The article aims to identify and analyze factors behind the success of the Association of Southeast Asian Nations’ (ASEAN) policy during its fifty-year history. Giving insights in the ASEAN approach to Southeast Asia’s international security challenges during the Cold War, the author then turns to ASEAN’s policy towards the establishment of Asia-Pacific multilateral dialogue platforms on security issues through the prism of identifying the external and internal prerequisites for its success. The article highlights the most important global and regional challenges that ASEAN is currently encountering, and its readiness to respond appropriately. Finally, the article focuses upon the degree of ASEAN’s relevance to its partners in terms of its potential contribution to the establishment of Greater Eurasia. In the author’s view, necessary preconditions for ASEAN’s successful policy are emerging there. The relevance of the undertaken analysis rests upon ASEAN’s eagerness to raise its сompetitiveness against the downward trends in relations between global actors and the upcoming projection of their contradictions on the Asia-Pacific and Southeast Asia. Among the key reasons behind ASEAN’s successes and failures during and after the Cold War, the author identifies readiness of ASEAN’s partners to regard it as a unified entity, give it the privilege to moderate multilateral cooperation, and readiness of ASEAN itself to assume this mission. These three conditions predetermined ASEAN’s international policy success, mainly manifested by the resolution of the Cambodian issue and establishment of multilateral dialogue platforms in the Asia-Pacific region. Realizing that only the multipolar world gives it chances for a decent future and encountering the rise of conflict in the current global political and economic affairs with its projection on Southeast Asia, the Association aims to develop cooperation in Greater Eurasia. This corresponds to the priorities of ASEAN’s Eurasian partners over the establishment of a continental security, cooperation and co-development system, with ASEAN as an important actor. The presence of the three basic prerequisites for ASEAN’s high international competitiveness and their synergy give ample reasons to expect new ASEAN “success stories”, this time in Greater Eurasia.
Along with unprecedented geopolitical changes the present world is encountering, Russia’s turn to Asia-Pacific has become irreversible. Given the maritime nature of the region, for Russia to establish itself as an influential maritime power that makes tangible contribution to Asia-Pacific maritime security and cooperation becomes an urgent necessity.
This task is especially timely as Asia-Pacific maritime security is facing hard times. Security challenges are evolving at a faster pace than mechanisms and institutions aimed to keep them within manageable bounds. Given that Asia-Pacific economy, politics and security are closely intertwined with global developments, Russia, an established global power, can play a special role in fostering cooperative trends in maritime Asia-Pacific.
The paper is divided into three parts. Part One gives insights into the current trends of Asia-Pacific maritime security with a special emphasis on Sino-US contradictions. Part Two focuses upon main limitations of multilateral dialogue on maritime security issues. Part Three outlines Russia’s potential and existing policy options. The conclusion summarizes the foregoing analysis.
This chapter is devoted to ASEAN’s Leading Role in East Asian Multilateral Dialogue on Security Matters of Asia-Pacific region.
The article analyzes the hydrocarbon exports from Russia and member states of Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) to the EU and Asia Pacific Region.