Methods of correcting frequency errors in time-type analog-to-digital displacement transducers
An optoelectronic time-type displacement transducer with different methods of correction of frequency errors is considered. It is shown that the use of an automatic frequency control loop represents the most promising method. A functional circuit of the device is developed and the basic functional dependences are presented.
The optoelectronic transducer of displacements to time interval with insertion of the carrier signal into radiation source is considered. In the developed device the amplitude errors arising from instability of light flux and the errors of single-channel raster modulator are compensated.
The time-type optoelectronic analog-to-digital linear displacements transducer with different methods of frequency errors correction is considered. The function circuit of the transducer with automatic frequency control is presented. The main functional dependences and the assessment of efficiency of compensation are given.
The circuit of developed optoelectronic transducer of displacement into the time interval with compensation of conversion error occurring due to carrier frequency generator amplitude instability – is considered. The compensation efficiency is determined.
Generalized error-locating codes are discussed. An algorithm for calculation of the upper bound of the probability of erroneous decoding for known code parameters and the input error probability is given. Based on this algorithm, an algorithm for selection of the code parameters for a specified design and input and output error probabilities is constructed. The lower bound of the probability of erroneous decoding is given. Examples of the dependence of the probability of erroneous decoding on the input error probability are given and the behavior of the obtained curves is explained.
The dynamics of a two-component Davydov-Scott (DS) soliton with a small mismatch of the initial location or velocity of the high-frequency (HF) component was investigated within the framework of the Zakharov-type system of two coupled equations for the HF and low-frequency (LF) fields. In this system, the HF field is described by the linear Schrödinger equation with the potential generated by the LF component varying in time and space. The LF component in this system is described by the Korteweg-de Vries equation with a term of quadratic influence of the HF field on the LF field. The frequency of the DS soliton`s component oscillation was found analytically using the balance equation. The perturbed DS soliton was shown to be stable. The analytical results were confirmed by numerical simulations.
Radiation conditions are described for various space regions, radiation-induced effects in spacecraft materials and equipment components are considered and information on theoretical, computational, and experimental methods for studying radiation effects are presented. The peculiarities of radiation effects on nanostructures and some problems related to modeling and radiation testing of such structures are considered.
This volume presents new results in the study and optimization of information transmission models in telecommunication networks using different approaches, mainly based on theiries of queueing systems and queueing networks .
The paper provides a number of proposed draft operational guidelines for technology measurement and includes a number of tentative technology definitions to be used for statistical purposes, principles for identification and classification of potentially growing technology areas, suggestions on the survey strategies and indicators. These are the key components of an internationally harmonized framework for collecting and interpreting technology data that would need to be further developed through a broader consultation process. A summary of definitions of technology already available in OECD manuals and the stocktaking results are provided in the Annex section.