Товарищество собственников жилья – субъект безответственности?
Performance of Russian homeowners associations – non-profits established to manage common property in residential housing – is assessed using the stochastic frontier technique, which is a powerful tool of productivity analysis. Performance variations are explained by physical and social factors, prominent among them is the availability of social capital among tenants, required to resolve collective action problems and ensure accountability of managing bodies and outside contractors. Lack of civic capacity could be an obstacle to implementing community-governance solutions in residential housing, making homeowners associations dysfunctional or prone to capture by vested interests.
The order of federal antimonopoly body is traditional means of struggle against antimonopoly law infringements. Recently the higher judicial instances (the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation and the Supreme Arbitration Court of the Russian Federation) have taken part in discussion about the legal nature of the order to transfer the illegal income). Why have these bodies paid attention to the problem concerned? How to estimate their decisions on a problem of application of this order? These questions are being discussed by the author in the present article with the use of the judiciary practice and the legal doctrine.
In the present article the author gives consideration to the issues of extraterritoriality of performance of norms of administrative responsibility for breach of anti-monopoly legislation.
Anti-monopoly legislation, ADMINISTRATIVE responsibility, Extraterritoriality, code, international, антимонопольное законодательство, Административная ответственность, экстерриториальность, кодекс, международный
The article is devoted to a particular form of freedom of assembly — the right to counter-demonstrate. The author underlines the value of this right as an element of democratic society, but also acknowledges the risk of violent actions among participants of opposing demonstrations. Due to this risk, the government may adopt adequate measures restricting the right to counter-demonstrate, certain types of which are analyzed in this paper.
Development of standards of international controllability is reviewed in the article. Institutional approach is applied to development of international legal regime of Energy Charter. Definition of controllability is connected to development of international standards of dispute settlement, which are described in the article in detail. In connection with controllability, Russian interest, defense of investment in European Union and ecological investment encouragement, is reviewed in the article.
мировое управление и управляемость, Мировая экономика, международное экономическое право, энергетическая хартия, International control and controllability, International economics, international economic law, Energy Charter
международное частное право; недвижимость; ; школа бартолистов; бартолисты; теория статутов; статуарная теория/