Поризматические сюрпризы в логике
Article contains analysis of the decisions of the European Court of Human Rights on freedom of expression, in which the Court had to balance public interest against the protection of commercial structures from unfair competition or injury to their business reputation.
The paper treats the issue of identity of the ego, which constitutes the central problem of personology. The skeptical approach to this problem, which sees it as not being subject to be resolved by means of science, began with D. Hume's work. Contemporary personologists (P. Ricoeur and others) approach this problem through study of culture, which imparts the ego with «narrative identity». Cultural historic psychology is a «Bridge of interpretations», upon which philosophy of culture meets psychology, and psychological data associated with «personality» are interpreted on the basis of some specific cultural philosophic theory. The «conflict of interpretations» plays and essential role in personology, which participates in the processes of emergence and overcoming of the cultural crisis. Philosophical and methodological problems that define the near term perspective development of personology are formulated: whether there are any «ego invariants» that remain regardless of any possible cultural determination; whether the ego possesses any rigidity in relation to cultural determination and, if it does, what is the nature of this rigidity; whether ego identity is destroyed when cultural determination diminishes or ceases, etc.
One of the rusian chroniclers has compared the expulsion of Izyaslav Yaroslavich with the capture of “land of Seth” by Canaanites. The sense of wording “land of Seth” remains not clear to modern interpretators; an amendment “land of Shem” is often proposed. Hovewer, in several medieval historical writings (Book of Josippon, Chronicle of George Hamartolos) Seth is a notable figure well known due to his knowledge of alphabet and astronomy. Even more, according to Joseph Flavius’ “Antiquites of the Jews” and The Revelation of Methodius of Patara, Seth descendants lived compactly in an area which in consequence could be called “land of Seth”. Thus, it is possible that rusian chronicle deliberately used the expression “land of Seth” to metaphorically denote Palestine.
In the book the issues of translation and interpretation are discussed by the worldwide leading scholars involved into translation.
The article deals with the interpretation of Faust in B. Purishev's works, titanism and inconsistency in his interpretation of the eternal image is highlighted.
For the first time in the national historical science a comprehensive analysis of modern Japanese historiography problems of territorial delimitation between Russia and Japan was made, which is extremely important in terms of understanding the ways and results of development of bilateral relations in the near and medium term. The book highlighted the direction of the Japanese historiography of territorial demarcation, given their characteristics and evaluation; the author carries out a comparative analysis of approaches to the assessment of Japanese historians documented legal aspects of Soviet-Japanese territorial demarcation. This exact book will be of practical and scientific interest for a wide range of political scientists, orientalists, historians, students and general public.
Max Weber. Basic concepts of sociology. Unabridged translation.
The article considers the Views of L. N. Tolstoy not only as a representative, but also as a accomplisher of the Enlightenment. A comparison of his philosophy with the ideas of Spinoza and Diderot made it possible to clarify some aspects of the transition to the unique Tolstoy’s religious and philosophical doctrine. The comparison of General and specific features of the three philosophers was subjected to a special analysis. Special attention is paid to the way of thinking, the relation to science and the specifics of the worldview by Tolstoy and Diderot. An important aspect is researched the contradiction between the way of thinking and the way of life of the three philosophers.
Tolstoy's transition from rational perception of life to its religious and existential bases is shown. Tolstoy gradually moves away from the idea of a natural man to the idea of a man, who living the commandments of Christ. Starting from the educational worldview, Tolstoy ended by creation of religious and philosophical doctrine, which were relevant for the 20th century.
This important new book offers the first full-length interpretation of the thought of Martin Heidegger with respect to irony. In a radical reading of Heidegger's major works (from Being and Time through the ‘Rector's Address' and the ‘Letter on Humanism' to ‘The Origin of the Work of Art' and the Spiegel interview), Andrew Haas does not claim that Heidegger is simply being ironic. Rather he argues that Heidegger's writings make such an interpretation possible - perhaps even necessary.
Heidegger begins Being and Time with a quote from Plato, a thinker famous for his insistence upon Socratic irony. The Irony of Heidegger takes seriously the apparently curious decision to introduce the threat of irony even as philosophy begins in earnest to raise the question of the meaning of being. Through a detailed and thorough reading of Heidegger's major texts and the fundamental questions they raise, Haas reveals that one of the most important philosophers of the 20th century can be read with as much irony as earnestness. The Irony of Heidegger attempts to show that the essence of this irony lies in uncertainty, and that the entire project of onto-heno-chrono-phenomenology, therefore needs to be called into question.
The article is concerned with the notions of technology in essays of Ernst and Friedrich Georg Jünger. The special problem of the connection between technology and freedom is discussed in the broader context of the criticism of culture and technocracy discussion in the German intellectual history of the first half of the 20th century.