Latent Research and Innovation in Russian Technical Universities Attempt of Identification and Estimation
In recent years, evaluation and impact assessments (IA) of research and innovation (R&I) policies have become of interest both to scholars and policy makers. This paper examines public programmes and regulations aimed at stimulating R&I in Russian universities. For this purpose, 299 universities were surveyed in 2013–2014 to reveal their demand for relevant policies and the effects of these policies. We surveyed not only users and beneficiaries of the programmes, but also non-participating universities. Based on survey results, we assess the impact of the policies on universities and suggest recommendations to improve state regulations and evaluation practices.
Entrepreneurship education is included into the innovative development programs of numerous countries. To start the large-scale entrepreneurship educational process basing on the existing educational system is comparatively difficult, as the latter is aimed at training of standard well-known skills, while entrepreneurship isn’t one of them. Currently many universities in the world. mostly technical are inventing formats and contents of the entrepreneurship educational programs. In the article the relevant programs from 20 leading technical universities in Russia and USA are compared by using the official open information. According to the results of the analysis as well as Anatoly Korotkov’s experience in the relevant field in Russia two possible ways of raising the effectiveness of Russian entrepreneurship educational programs are defined in the article.
The creation of software of analyst workplace supporting the mining process large amounts of statistical data of science, education and innovation are discussed in the paper. A hybrid approach, to the integration of classical methods of mathematical correlation analysis, pattern analysis and time series, as well as the interpretation of the results is provided. Particular attention is paid to the business processes to identify trends and changes in indicators, atypical dynamics of indicators and to the definition of «Best Performance» indicators vectors.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.