Применение концепции «окраинного города» для анализа современных процессов урбанизации в РФ (на примере г. Химки)
Japan experienced intensive process of industrialization and urbanization
following during the first half of the Twentieth century. These processes were accompanied by a transformation of the Japanese society and lifestyle patterns expressed in domestic architecture and planning ideas. The Meiji Restoration of 1868 brought a dichotomy of traditional patterns, which were considered as “pre-modern” to western-style patterns of living, which were considered as “modern”.
This paper examines the design and development of Kunitachi-city in for Tokyo suburban, which dated to 1926. The study of urban development in permits to find what “modern” ideas were installed into urban planning and dwelling architecture, and what impact did it cause to domestic routine.
We analyzed key factors of electric power consumption for Moscow and regional households. It is shown that new build, intraregional migration, recreational housing and, finally, income drive household power consumption significantly. Average yearly temperature is not among accountable power consumption drivers for households. A power consumption model for households is suggested.
We address the external effects on public sector efficiency measures acquired using Data Envelopment Analysis. We use the health care system in Russian regions in 2011 to evaluate modern approaches to accounting for external effects. We propose a promising method of correcting DEA efficiency measures. Despite the multiple advantages DEA offers, the usage of this approach carries with it a number of methodological difficulties. Accounting for multiple factors of efficiency calls for more complex methods, among which the most promising are DMU clustering and calculating local production possibility frontiers. Using regression models for estimate correction requires further study due to possible systematic errors during estimation. A mixture of data correction and DMU clustering together with multi-stage DEA seems most promising at the moment. Analyzing several stages of transforming society’s resources into social welfare will allow for picking out the weak points in a state agency’s work.