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Regular version of the site

Article

Cross-Cultural Validation of Fear of Happiness Scale Across 14 National Groups

Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 2014. Vol. 45. No. 2. P. 246-264.
Joshanloo M., Zarina Kh. Lepshokova, Panyusheva T., Amerkhanova N., Wai-Ching P., Wai-lan Yeung V., Sundaram S., Mustapha A., Ryosuke A., Tasuku I., Tsukamoto S., Rizwan M., Khilji I. A., Ferreira M. C., S. Pang J., Lok S. H., Han G., Bae J., Jiang D.

A survey of the cultural notions related to happiness and the existing empirical evidence indicate
that some individuals endorse the belief that happiness, particularly an immoderate degree of
it, should be avoided. These beliefs mainly involve the general notion that happiness may lead
to bad things happening. Using multigroup confirmatory factor analysis and multilevel modeling,
this study investigates the measurement invariance, cross-level isomorphism, predictive validity,
and nomological network of the fear of happiness scale across 14 nations. The results show that
this scale has good statistical properties at both individual and cultural levels. The findings also
indicate that this scale has the potential to add to the knowledge about how people conceive of,
and experience, happiness across cultures.