О планировании социального и экономического развития России - платформа для консолидации общества. Выводы из опыта Госплана СССР.
Planning for social and economic development of Russia is seen as a platform for market participants to have agreements on join action to adress issues of common interest. On the example of the USSR State Planning the operation of a plan is illustrated. The role of associations (unions) of producers and consumers in developing the plan is marked. Attention is drawn to the need to predict supply prices from producer's assosiations and demand prices from unions of consumers. The state should be arbiter of tense situations.
Football has become much more than a simple game over the past hundred years. Football has become a factor in global policy, affecting not only the minds and souls of hundreds of millions of fans, but also the political, economic, and social aspects of modern life. This interview with M. Prozumshchikov, the leading researcher of Russian sports and one of the editors of the collection of documents revealed from the Russian State Archive of Recent History, was invited to talk about the creation of the Soviet system of party control over big sport (and, above all, over football), about the views of the leaders of the USSR on the possibility of using football for ideological purposes, and about the role of the Soviet state in the support and development of the mass football movement. The issues of the archival system of documents on sports in the USSR were also touched upon. At the very beginning, the history of the rise of a line of publications dedicated to sport mega-events involving Soviet athletes such as the 1980 Summer Olympics, the 2014 Winter Olympic Games, and big football matches was discussed. Furthermore, the researcher talked about the difficulties associated with finding relevant documents about Soviet sport in the existing archival landscape of modern Russia. The main part of the conversation was devoted to the structural problems of national sport, beginning with the early USSR and ending with the disintegration of the state sport system under M. Gorbachev. The most important problems of the sports movement in the Soviet Union, such as the internationalization of Soviet sport, in general, and the sport relations with the countries of the Socialist Block, in particular, as well as the balance of power between the Central Committee and the Sports Committee and other significant actors of this field, the trivial nationalism in the bleachers at the Soviet stadiums, and other topics were also discussed. The interview ends with a discussion of the prospects for historical sports research.
A new dynamic of innovation is emerging around the world in spite of persistent innovation divides between countries and regions. Although innovation cannot cure the most immediate financial difficulties, it is a crucial element of sustainable growth.
To guide polices and to help overcome divides, metrics are required. The Global Innovation Index 2012: Stronger Innovation Linkages for Global Growth is primarily concerned with improving the ‘journey’ to better understanding innovation and with identifying targeted policies, good practices, and other levers to foster innovation.
This year the Global Innovation Index (GII) innovates in two ways:First, it includes an analysis of the underlying factors influencing year-on-year changes in country rankings. Second, the strengths and weaknesses of each economy are clearly identified in country profiles.
The GII project was launched by INSEAD in 2007 to determine how to find metrics and approaches that go beyond traditional measures of innovation. The World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO), a specialized agency of the United Nations, joined the exercise in 2011 as Knowledge Partner and in 2012 as a co-publisher. The GII draws on the support and expertise of its Knowledge Partners: Alcatel-Lucent, Booz & Company, and the Confederation of Indian Industry, as well as an Advisory Board of 11 eminent international experts.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
The paper studies a problem of optimal insurer’s choice of a risk-sharing policy in a dynamic risk model, so-called Cramer-Lundberg process, over infinite time interval. Additional constraints are imposed on residual risks of insureds: on mean value or with probability one. An optimal control problem of minimizing a functional of the form of variation coefficient is solved. We show that: in the first case the optimum is achieved at stop loss insurance policies, in the second case the optimal insurance is a combination of stop loss and deductible policies. It is proved that the obtained results can be easily applied to problems with other optimization criteria: maximization of long-run utility and minimization of probability of a deviation from mean trajectory.