Special Economic Zones as an Instrument of Innovation Potential Enhancing: case of Russia
This article is dedicated to the analysis of effectiveness of special economic zones (SEZ), a rather new, but promising phenomenon in Russian Federation economy. It includes general analysis of SEZ, its reaction to the world financial crisis, analysis of innovation implementation SEZ (II SEZ), and, in particular, its IT-potential. At the end, the cases related to innovative products realized in these zones are described and some economic and financial indicators suitable to describe the dynamics of development of these agglomerations of IT enterprises are given.
As administrative reforms are implemented in the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China, the importance of improving the institution of public service is steadily increasing. In the monograph presented, a study of the civil service systems of the two countries was carried out, factors contributing to the practice of interaction between the public authorities of China and Russia on the development of public service and personnel were analyzed. The focus is on the legal support for the changing nature of work with the personnel and state service reserves of both countries; ways to improve the mechanism of professional development of civil servants; conflict of interest in public service; issues of responsibility of public servants in China and Russia; experience in the legal regulation of the use of personnel technologies and advanced training, as well as trends and priorities in the training of civil servants in the development of the digital economy and the widespread dissemination of new modern technologies. The book prepared by the team of authors is one of the first monographic studies revealing new approaches in the legislation of the Russian Federation and the People's Republic of China on public service. The monograph is addressed to a wide circle of readers who are interested in new trends in the development of social institutions in the Russian Federation and the People’s Republic of China; the work may also be requested by researchers, representatives of state authorities, as well as by anyone who is interested in the experience of the best domestic and foreign public service practices.
Territorial development and attraction of investments is a priority task of authorities of all levels in the current economic situation. Demanding regions, a single-industry city, and also territories of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation require restoration and development. In the article special economic zones, territories of advanced social and economic development, zones of territorial development are considered. Particular attention is paid to special economic zones, including the history of their appearance, development and current status in the Russian Federation. An assessment of the quality of development tools and recommendations for their application in the territories of the Arctic zone of the Russian Federation is given.
The present article aims to analyze the degree of diffusion of modern international business ethics practices like corporate social responsibility and corporate governance in the enterprises of Russian Federation. The relevance of this argument stands, on the one hand, in the increasing level of economic, political and trade relations between Europe and Russia and, secondly, in the importance of recent entrance of Russia in the World Trade Organization which has for Russian economy not only the purely commercial impact, but also leads to the changes in the business philosophy and in the ways to do business. From this point of view, the adoption of the best international business practices can constitute the fertile soil for the nearing of Russia to the global business community. Thus, the research aims to verify whether and how the intensification of these relations has an impact on corporate culture in Russia according to modern business standards.
Analysis of innovative activity of businesses, particularly those in the transport sphere, in the Russian Federation is provided, based on the OECD data. Company size, level of monopoly power and industryspecific characteristics were used as factors to determine innovative activity. All factors point at low level of R&D spending by Russian businesses, including those in the transport industry. Natural transport monopolies are significantly behind the world's largest companies in R&D. Lack of innovative management system in businesses is the chief barrier to innovative activity.
This research aims to analyze the ways of modernization of economy on the base of modern occidental management, industrial and accounting practices diffusion in the enterprises of Russian Federation. In particular, the new emerging paradigm, the clusters, is analyzed. The relevance of this argument stands, on the one hand, in the increasing level of economic, political and trade relations between West and Russia and the growing weight of Russia on the international arena and, secondly, the lack of systematic material on this topic. Thus, the research aims to verify whether and how the intensification of these relations has an impact on corporate culture and "way of doing business" in Russia according to Western, in general, and Italian, in particular, best practices.