Теоретические и практические аспекты адаптации моделей поведения экономических субъектов
The book is devoted to a wide range of sustainable development issues in Russia: from review of the political, legal and institutional frameworks for green economy development to particular practices of waste management, renewable energy use, ecological education, information and awareness raising on sustainable development.
Climate change is already happening and negatively affecting agricultural production in Russia, particularly the crops production, as one of the most bulnerable to weather and climatic factors. First part of the publication presents the economic valuation of climate change impacts on crops production on the national level. In the second part of it we present findings of the case studies in two Russian agricultural provinces, where the negative impacts of climate change are clearly observed. In conclusion, we consider possible options for adaptation of Russian agriculture to climate change.
In the monograph the problem of adaptation of economic subjects is investigated, adaptive mechanisms and organizational-economic bases of their formation are considered. The results of case analysis, as well as empirical studies of the author, are devoted to the study of the phenomenon of adaptation and adaptation mechanisms. Interpretation of the results obtained in the course of the research is given from the standpoint of the theory of institutional matrices. The approach to the quantitative estimation of adaptability is described. The monograph can be useful to undergraduates, graduate students, doctoral students who are engaged in research on adaptation in the economy.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.