The main directions of national innovation climate development
Innovation and innovation economy is a matter of increasing debate. To address this issue we take triadic goals (the essence of innovation – cross countries analysis of innovation - direction of innovation economy development). We also explore how innovation in economy is used in different countries. We focus on Russian case and then develop our research over the most innovative countries. This paper adds in understanding of unseparatable chain: innovation progress- enterprises development - economy rise and how the governments can modify the economy towards the innovation development by using mentioned in this research tools.
Coffee shops are rich in experience, even if their explicit functions seems to be the provision of consumables. It has been common to ascribe business model innovation to the international coffee shop chains that have helped spread coffee culture to East Asian countries. This chapter examines coffee shops in two of these countries (Thailand and Taiwan). It finds much innovative effort underway, centred not only on the food and beverages supplied, but also on other elements shaping consumer experience – such as decor, location of activities and arrangement of devices, and the roles assigned to staff. High levels of innovation, of many forms, appear in both large chains and smaller shops; even the most traditional venues are balancing their maintenance of heritage with the introduction of novelty. Since many experience industries are also likely to display substantial innovation, and researchers should look beyond the narrow categories that have been the focus of most innovation studies.
The Conference Proceedings from the 2019 British Academy of Management Conference, hosted by Aston Business School, Aston University are, as a collective publication, the property of the Academy.
Authors of papers submitted to, and presented at, the Conference retain the rights to their individual paper.
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Purpose - This paper investigates relationships among correlates of individual innovative activity: creativity, innovativeness, novelty seeking, and intelligence.
Design/methodology/approach - Data were collected from 202 students of the Higher School of Economics (123 females and 79 males).
Findings- The findings revealed significant relations between intelligence and fluency of participants’ creative performances, as well as novelty seeking and innovativeness.
Research limitations/implications - Limitations include the correlation design, the sample of students, and the self-reported measures for novelty seeking and innovativeness.
Practical implications- The paper proposes a number of implications for researchers and practitioners who deal with innovation. The results of the study can be applied to various procedures and stages of innovation management.
Originality/value – The study contributes to knowledge on psychological correlates of innovation on an individual level, such as creativity, innovativeness, novelty seeking, and intelligence, as well as produces an empirically validated model of the relationships among them.
Industry 4.0 has altered as well as disrupted the business model of organizations around the world. The adoption however, has been slow in the various industries as a clear roadmap for the integration of the same lacks in project planning. This brief fills this gap as it examines the development of a Value Roadmap for different industries using Industry 4.0 as an enabler. Using the automotive, healthcare and telecommunication industries as case studies, the authors create the value roadmap using five factors: market drivers, product features, technology features, enablers and resources. This framework integrates both technology and market knowledge to support strategy development, innovation and operational processes in organizations.
This paper focuses on coproduction of knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) and the impact it causes on their innovation activity. Coproduction refers to the customer engagement in one or more stages of the services production process. Although coproduction and value co-creation are close concepts and very often are used interchangeably, significant differences between these concepts exist as the latter covers a wider range of provider-client interaction during consumption and usage stages. While value co-creation is related to the development of the customer experience, coproduction is devoted to the creation of the service offering itself. According to the service-dominant logic, which is the most common framework in this field, customer is always a co-creator of value, while his involvement in coproduction is optional. This paper aims at studying whether those KIBS that involve their customers in coproduction are more innovative. The research model includes a set of innovation drivers like human capital, advertising expenditures, the existence of multiregional branch network and standardization as well as the coproduction measure. This model was empirically tested using a dataset of 441 KIBS enterprises in Russia. The results show that coproduction have a strong positive effect on the implementation of both technological and non-technological innovations in KIBS. It means that innovation-oriented KIBS may benefit from developing coproduction-based strategies. These findings contribute to both innovation management and KIBS studies and provide opportunities for future research in both fields
The paper analyses effects of corruption on innovative activities. It argues that despite corruption is traditionally considered as a highly negative phenomenon, it may have a positive effect on innovation. This position allows to explain why developing countries with a high level of corruption sometimes demonstrate better indicators of innovative activity in particular areas than less corrupt advanced economies. However, our study shows that this positive relationship exists because of the prevalence of more serious problems associated with the persistent presence of the state in various spheres of economy. Moreover, we argue that not all innovations are in fact socially desirable, and those that are an outcome of rent-seeking behavior and incorporation of private interests in the legal system often negatively affect market mechanisms and undermine sustainable economic performance.
This paper examines the nature of the relationship between corporate R&D investment and the probability of default. Existing evidence on the topic is varied and often conflicting due to its complexity. In this paper, we investigated the non-linear relationship between R&D investment and the probability of default, and also detected several factors influencing the nature of the relationship. The research relies on the sample of Asian Tiger's countries (Hong Kong, Singapore, South Korea and Taiwan) for the period from 2012 to 2017. Results of the research reveal a Ushaped relationship between corporate R&D investment and default probability. Considering the relationship more precisely, we divide the sample into two parts based on the availability of financial resources, and test the significance of this factor. R&D investment is found to significantly decrease default probability for financially constrained firms. We also examine the investment efficiency factor by comparing R&D investment and default probability between underinvesting and overinvesting firms. The rise of R&D investment decreases default probability for underinvesting firms, and increases e for overinvesting ones. Studying separately high-tech firms, we reveal that R&D investment leads to decrease of default probability.
The pocket data book contains main indicators characterizing S&T and innovation potential of the Russian Federation. There are the information about intellectual property, S&T output, data of international comparisons given.
The data book includes information of the Federal State Statistics Service, Federal Service for Intellectual Property, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Eurostat, UNESCO, World Intellectual Property Organisation, national statistical services of foreign countries, and results of own methodological and analytical studies of the HSE Institute for Statistical Studies and Economics of Knowledge.
In some cases, the presented data specify those published earlier.
Industrial design as a driver for innovation is increasingly attracting attention throughout different disciplines. In order to switch from the oil-led development model to an innovation-driven economy, Russia attempts to strengthen its manufacturing industry through support policies for engineering and industrial design capabilities. The programme ‘Development of engineering activities and industrial design in Russia’ is part of the larger initiative for advancing manufacturing and raising its competitiveness which started in 2014. The paper builds on very recent data and interviews with key companies to study the effectiveness of these policies. We point out a series of structural weaknesses of industrial design in Russia in general and find that the industrial design policy in Russia largely remains non-systemic and fragmented.