Социальная мобильность или нестабильность доходов?
The article discusses the relationship between estimates of subjective status and dynamics of income. Uses data of the Russian Longitudinal Monitor Survey (RLMS-HSE) for 2000 and 2005 author points out that this period is marked by high fluidity both in the estimates of subjective status, and in the distribution of respondents between deciles of income scale. However, the movement between deciles of the income scale do not affect the assessment of the dynamics of status.
Several approaches to the concept of fatherhood present in Western sociological tradition are analyzed and compared: biological determinism, social constructivism and biosocial theory. The problematics of fatherhood and men’s parental practices is marginalized in modern Russian social research devoted to family and this fact makes the traditional inequality in family relations, when the father’s role is considered secondary compared to that of mother, even stronger. However, in Western critical men’s studies several stages can be outlined: the development of “sex roles” paradigm (biological determinism), the emergence of the hegemonic masculinity concept, inter-disciplinary stage (biosocial theory). According to the approach of biological determinism, the role of a father is that of the patriarch, he continues the family line and serves as a model for his ascendants. Social constructivism looks into man’s functions in the family from the point of view of masculine pressure and establishing hegemony over a woman and children. Biosocial theory aims to unite the biological determinacy of fatherhood with social, cultural and personal context. It is shown that these approaches are directly connected with the level of the society development, marriage and family perceptions, the level of egality of gender order.