Explaining Germans’ Segregation Preferences: A Factorial Survey Approach on the Role of Immigrant Group Size, Intergroup Contact and Anti-Immigrant Prejudice
Beginning with the historic racial desegregation in the United States, and spreading to other parts of the world, policy makers, guided by the findings of social scientists (e.g., Allport, 1954), have advocated for increased intergroup contact (e.g., in schools and neighborhoods) as the key to prejudice reduction and increased social cohesion. Recent work on the ‘irony of harmony’ effect ( Saguy, Tausch, Dovidio, & Pratto, 2009), however, suggests that intergroup contact can undermine disadvantaged group’s support for social change toward greater equality (e.g., Çakal, Hewstone, Schwär, & Heath, 2011; Dixon, Durrheim, & Tredoux, 2007). Using a large and heterogeneous dataset (N = 12,997 individuals from 69 countries), we demonstrate that intergroup contact and support for social change toward greater equality are positively associated among members of advantaged groups (ethnic majorities and cis-heterosexuals), but negatively associated among disadvantaged groups (ethnic minorities and sexual and gender minorities), supporting the ‘irony of harmony’ effect. Specification curve analysis revealed important variation in the size—and at times, direction—of correlations, depending on how contact and support for social change were measured. This allowed us to identify one type of support for change, willingness to work in solidarity for social change, that is positively associated with intergroup contact among both advantaged- and disadvantaged-group members.
The initial issue that became the focus of this study is that it is impossible to directly transfer successful multicultural policy solutions found in one context, one state to another. Therefore, one of the possible answers to this problem can be investigating social psychological factors that either contribute to or interfere with the adoption of multiculturalism policy. Basing on the analysis of various works on this topic, we suggest that the key factors are the following: protection of identity; support of integration strategies and multicultural policies by the population; compliance with the rules of establishing intergroup contact, as within educational institutions, as within a wider context; development of multicultural identity. Evaluation of the impacts of these factors within the Russian context allows us to conclude that the conditions are more favourable for some of them and less favourable for others. Protection of identity, compliance with the rules of intergroup contact, and development of multicultural identity are the ones to cause the most concern, which means that two of the three key criteria of multicultural policy are not satisfied: activities aimed at accepting equal rights of various cultural groups and protection and support of their identities and cultural practices.
We consider certain spaces of functions on the circle, which naturally appear in harmonic analysis, and superposition operators on these spaces. We study the following question: which functions have the property that each their superposition with a homeomorphism of the circle belongs to a given space? We also study the multidimensional case.
We consider the spaces of function on the circle whose Fourier transform is p-summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase.
We consider the spaces of functions on the m-dimensional torus, whose Fourier transform is p -summable. We obtain estimates for the norms of the exponential functions deformed by a C1 -smooth phase. The results generalize to the multidimensional case the one-dimensional results obtained by the author earlier in “Quantitative estimates in the Beurling—Helson theorem”, Sbornik: Mathematics, 201:12 (2010), 1811 – 1836.