Die russische Historiographie im internationalen Umfeld. Wege des Wissenschaftstransfers
The focus of this article is on a specific aspect of the recent state of historical research in Russia: the problem of universalization (cognitive and institutional) of Russian historical studies and recognition of the Russian scholars’ knowledge claims. Cognitive aspects of the “restructuring” of science, research themes, the state of the disciplinary community and communicative strategies, position of historians in the humanities establishment and relationships with the authorities are studied.
This paper is aimed to identify theoretical problems, which arise when studying the preconditions of and obstacles to the participation of the Russian historians in international scientific discussion. The investigation is based on the concepts of centre-periphery and cultural transfer. The key question is why, how and when the new historical knowledge developed by the Russian scholars became - or, as an extreme case, have not become - part of global scientific heritage. Discussion of ‘presence’ in the global science is connected not so much with the aftermath of autarchy during the socialist period as with the difficulties of adapting to new conditions of existence as a ‘normal’ discipline and the rigors of being a ’poor‘ science. In this article we review not only specifics of the transfer of knowledge produced by Russian historians, but also specifics of reception preceding it.
This article also contains analysis of all publications of Russian historians in foreign historical journals, included in the database Web of Science in 1993–2008 which are examined combining quantitative measures-number of articles and their citation indices - with qualitative analysis of publications.