Оценка уровня логистических затрат в Российской Федерации
Currently, there is instability in the transport and logistics market. Some logistics operators using customer incompetence, lack of a unified methodology for costs assessing try to use highest tariffs. Development of logistics costs classification is a very important issue at the moment. Each transport and logistics company uses its own approach to the definition and calculation of these costs. Logistics costs classification is very important for cargo owners as it can be the basis for determining the types, sources and the value the costs for logistics operations. The article contains the results of a study on the composition of logistics costs for each participant in the supply chain: the sea carrier, warehouse, freight forwarders, road transport. The authors systematized costs (as general, individual and specific groups for each member of the logistics chain), created logistics cost classification. Costs were grouped according to uniform operations in each of the groups. Authors justified the practical significance of the logistics costs classification. The article describes forwarder functions, its coordinating role in the delivery of cargo in the supply chain. The authors presented the forwarder logistics costs, justified for their own costs and expenses of forwarders clients. Such a way the authors proved the importance of the logistics costs classification. The authors also pointed out the possibility of cost savings that will be used in further studies.
The paper examines the structure, governance, and balance sheets of state-controlled banks in Russia, which accounted for over 55 percent of the total assets in the country's banking system in early 2012. The author offers a credible estimate of the size of the country's state banking sector by including banks that are indirectly owned by public organizations. Contrary to some predictions based on the theoretical literature on economic transition, he explains the relatively high profitability and efficiency of Russian state-controlled banks by pointing to their competitive position in such functions as acquisition and disposal of assets on behalf of the government. Also suggested in the paper is a different way of looking at market concentration in Russia (by consolidating the market shares of core state-controlled banks), which produces a picture of a more concentrated market than officially reported. Lastly, one of the author's interesting conclusions is that China provides a better benchmark than the formerly centrally planned economies of Central and Eastern Europe by which to assess the viability of state ownership of banks in Russia and to evaluate the country's banking sector.
The paper examines the principles for the supervision of financial conglomerates proposed by BCBS in the consultative document published in December 2011. Moreover, the article proposes a number of suggestions worked out by the authors within the HSE research team.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management