Оценка уровня логистических затрат в Российской Федерации
Currently, there is instability in the transport and logistics market. Some logistics operators using customer incompetence, lack of a unified methodology for costs assessing try to use highest tariffs. Development of logistics costs classification is a very important issue at the moment. Each transport and logistics company uses its own approach to the definition and calculation of these costs. Logistics costs classification is very important for cargo owners as it can be the basis for determining the types, sources and the value the costs for logistics operations. The article contains the results of a study on the composition of logistics costs for each participant in the supply chain: the sea carrier, warehouse, freight forwarders, road transport. The authors systematized costs (as general, individual and specific groups for each member of the logistics chain), created logistics cost classification. Costs were grouped according to uniform operations in each of the groups. Authors justified the practical significance of the logistics costs classification. The article describes forwarder functions, its coordinating role in the delivery of cargo in the supply chain. The authors presented the forwarder logistics costs, justified for their own costs and expenses of forwarders clients. Such a way the authors proved the importance of the logistics costs classification. The authors also pointed out the possibility of cost savings that will be used in further studies.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management