We describe vendor managed inventory concept of supply chain management. We propose the idea of using this metodology for the problem of motor fuel distribution from oil depots to filling gas oil stations. The advantages, risks and limitations of the concept introduction for this problem are shown.
Optimization procedures of modern supply chains often require the consideration of a number of special factors that must reflect simulated cash flows so that the solutions found meet academic requirements in inventory management. The article evaluates the profitability of deliveries for the modified EOQ-model, in the format of which it will be possible to envisage the impact of the following factors. 1) The previously agreed possibility of deferring payment for an order. 2) The concept of the time value of money in the analysis of the cash flows of the simulated supply chain. 3) For incoming payments it is necessary to take into account that the proceeds from the sold goods will arrive with a predetermined delay (from the mo-ment of its realization time). 4) The payment of storage costs is realized in the form of leasing the corresponding places in the warehouse, and with a delay for a specified time in relation to the middle of the reordering interval (in contrast to the traditional theory positions in the format of classical EOQ-models of inventory management).
In the case of such models, the existence of an estimate for the cost-effectiveness of the cash flows of the simulated supply chain will make it possible to use the new modified EOQ formulas taking into account the abovementioned factors. This will allow to optimize the reserves taking into account the time value of money in accordance with the requirements of financial analysis and financial mathematics. The research was carried out in relation to important for business situations of efficient supply, when the specified deferrals for payment of an order allow you to pay it out of the pro-ceeds at the reorder intervals. Therefore, in order to simulate such processes, a necessary and sufficient condition has also been established in the paper, that must be imposed on the duration of such a delay in order to ensure the possibility of the specified pay-ment of the order from the proceeds. The modification of such conditions is presented if, during optimization, it is necessary to take into account the need for payments from the revenue for payment of storage costs, as well as the required additional deductions related to maintaining the business processes. The features of supply optimization procedures are illustrated on the basis of numerical simulation results.
Russian mining industry experiences a rapid growth providing an attractive market for suppliers of mining equipment. However, it's a customer-dominated market. The customers set stringent requirements for the initial equipment supply, as well as for the after-sale service and spare parts supply. The manufacturers of mining equipment are thus facing the need to rigorously analyze their supply chain, to develop a reasonable customer service policy and to adjust the supply chain to meet the requirements of the service policy. To fulfill the after-sale maintenance requirements, the manufacturers must stock spare parts within the supply chain and to design inventory control policies. This paper presents an agent-based simulation approach for estimation of the supply chain's key performance indicators and to explore the service - cost trade-off. The conceptual model and the description of its implementation in Anylogic 8.4 software are provided. A case-study of a global mining equipment manufacturer's branch operating in Russia is described. The model is used to estimate the inventory control policy parameters required to meet the target customer service level, to compare make-to-order against make-to-stock supply strategies, as well as to explore the service level - cost trade-off.
Smoking is a problem, bringing signifi cant social and economic costs to Russiansociety. However, ratifi cation of the World health organization Framework conventionon tobacco control makes it possible to improve Russian legislation accordingto the international standards. So, I describe some measures that should be taken bythe Russian authorities in the nearest future, and I examine their effi ciency. By studyingthe international evidence I analyze the impact of the smoke-free areas, advertisementand sponsorship bans, tax increases, etc. on the prevalence of smoking, cigaretteconsumption and some other indicators. I also investigate the obstacles confrontingthe Russian authorities when they introduce new policy measures and the public attitudetowards these measures. I conclude that there is a number of easy-to-implementanti-smoking activities that need no fi nancial resources but only a political will.
One of the most important indicators of company's success is the increase of its value. The article investigates traditional methods of company's value assessment and the evidence that the application of these methods is incorrect in the new stage of economy. So it is necessary to create a new method of valuation based on the new main sources of company's success that is its intellectual capital.
портовый менеджмент, показатели деятельности, анализ эффективности, система учета, распределение издержек, методы анализа деятельности портовой системы
At present many industries reveal tendency for setting up of vertically integrated companies (VIC) the structure of which unites all technological processes. This tendency proved its efficiency in oil industry where coordination of all successive stages of technological process, namely, oil prospecting and production -oil transportation - oil processing - oil chemistry - oil products and oil chemicals marketing, is necessary. The article considers specific features of introduction of "personnel management" module at enterprises of oil and gas industry.
vertically integrated companies; personnel management