The post-Soviet period has been characterised by the abandonment of land across the Russian Federation. Today, Russia has regained a prominent role in wheat markets. With improved market conditions (such as higher grain prices), the recultivation of these abandoned areas may increase grain exports in the medium term and thus further enhance Russia’s contribution to global food security. This chapter develops a simple methodological approach that aims to assess the potential for Russia to expand its grain area and its impact on grain exports under different export price development scenarios.
Настоящая глава посвящена оценке эффективности и добавленной стоимости, создаваемых в региональных инновационных системах субъектами инновационной деятельности. Особое внимание в работе уделено анализу деятельности резидентов бизнес-инкубаторов и технопарков высокотехнологичных компаний МСБ (малого и среднего бизнеса) в Нижегородской области. Настоящее исследование является развитием концепции Mian, которое посвящено оценке добавочной стоимости, создаваемой системой инкубации высокотехнологичных компаний и является попыткой оценить эффективность инфраструктуры бизнес-инкубаторов и технопарков МСБ в Нижегородской области РФ. Настоящее исследование базируется на исследовании 94 компаний, которые расположены в Нижегородском регионе на и вне территориях бизнес-инкубаторов и технопарков.
Статья посвящена критериальному подходу к оцениванию компетенций, актуальных для неязыковых специальностей вузов, и рассматривает критериальные оценочные матрицы в качестве инструмента увеличения эффективности и экономичности оценочных практик для повышения мотивации студентов к учению
Using network approach, we propose a new method of identifying key food exporters based on the long-range (LRIC) and short-range interaction indices (SRIC). These indices allow to detect several groups of economies with direct as well as indirect influence on the routes of different levels in the food network.
The article describes the essence of the Arctic Council, the importance of the programs implemented by the Council. The activities of the Arctic Council are focused primarily on environmental issues, as well as on the sustainable development of the Arctic. Besides the member countries of the Council, other countries with an observer status and those participating in working groups in the above-mentioned areas take part in the work. The criteria for assigning the Council membership as observers are mainly economic factors. The authors suggest that the activity of the Arctic Council should not be influenced by any political motives. In this regard, it is assumed that political risk does not affect the inclusion of the state as an observer in the Arctic Council.The article presents conclusions and determines the choice of factors influencing the probability of a country joining the Arctic Council as an observer. An analysis of the literature on the influence of political factors on corporate valuation, profitability of financial assets, internal and external conflicts, etc. is conducted. Based on the empirical analysis, a conclusion is made that the probability of becoming an observer country in the Arctic Council depends on the credit risk (sovereign rating) and the level of a country's GDP. At the same time, the level of GDP and higher ratings increased the possibility of including the country in the community of observers. The authors also highlight the factors affecting the willingness and ability of a sovereign government to timely and fully service its financial, economic and fiscal obligations.
The article gives an assessment of the Arctic as a special territory, and the main natural and geographical features are described. Special attention is paid to national and regional differences in population density and GDP, wages and unemployment in the Arctic countries. The authors assess the socio-economic sphere of eight countries: Canada, Denmark, Finland, Iceland, Norway, Russia, Sweden, USA. The authors compared the dynamics of macroeconomic indicators of the Arctic regions and the country in which they are located. An analysis was carried out that identified countries and regions with consistently high social and demographic potential, as well as countries with similar climatic and socio-economic characteristics that effectively complement each other (Norway, Sweden and Finland). Among the Arctic countries, Norway is characterized by oil and gas complexes and fish resources, Finland is characterized by innovative technologies for processing bioresources and mining, Sweden by mining of ore minerals, and the woodworking industry. The article suggests further study of Arctic countries with consistently high socio-economic indicators in order to apply their experience to the development of the Arctic territory of Russia. In order to achieve this, it is necessary to activate technological partnership with the use of innovative digital technologies. The authors emphasize the development of international cooperation as the most progressive mechanism for the development of the world. World Practice is a good basis for developing a unified Concept of the North, because different Arctic countries have identical socio-economic and scientific problems.