Modern companies continue investing more and more in the creation, maintenance and change of software systems, but the proper specification and design of such systems continues to be a challenge. The majority of current approaches either ignore real user and system runtime behavior or consider it only informally. This leads to a rather prescriptive top-down approach to software development. In this paper, we propose a bottom-up approach, which takes event logs (e.g., trace data) of a software system for the analysis of the user and system runtime behavior and for improving the software. We use well-established methods from the area of process mining for this analysis. Moreover, we suggest embedding process mining into the agile development lifecycle. The goal of this position paper is to motivate the need for foundational research in the area of software process mining (applying process mining to software analysis) by showing the relevance and listing open challenges. Our proposal is based on our experiences with analyzing a big productive touristic system. This system was developed using agile methods and process mining could be effectively integrated into the development lifecycle.
Наряду с публичной сферой и нормами, установленными обществом, частная сфера играет важную роль в жизни людей с ограниченными возможностями, в том числе личный опыт переживания инвалидности на микроуровне: в семье, повседневности и романтических отношениях. В этой главе вопросы структуры семьи анализируются в нарративах с женщинами, которые пользуются инвалидными колясками для передвижения. Различные культурные, социальные, экономические и политические детерминанты влияют на формирование определенного типа семейной структуры и отношения к семейной жизни. В то же время, они взаимодействуют с биографическими факторами, которые усиливают или ослабляют ограничения свободы в публичной и приватной жизни. Используя нарративный анализ, я демонстрирую, какую роль семья играет в построении идентичности человека с инвалидностью, и как члены семьи выступают в качестве соавторов индивидуальных биографий. Будут рассмотрены дилеммы семейной жизни, связанные с чувствами, сексуальной и эмоциональной стабильностью на микроуровне жизненного опыта и самоопределения женщин с ограниченными возможностями.
Статья посвящена описанию феномена агитпропа в современном искусстве.
In this paper, we present a modification of dynamic programming algorithms (DPA), which we denote as graphical algorithms (GrA). For some single machine scheduling problems, it is shown that the time complexity of the GrA is less than the time complexity of the standard DPA. Moreover, the average running time of the GrA is often essentially smaller. A GrA can also solve large-scale instances and instances, where the parameters are not integer. For some problems, GrA has a polynomial time complexity in contrast to a pseudo-polynomial complexity of a DPA.
Handbook of International Food and Agricultural Policies is a three-volume set that aims to provide an accessible reference for those interested in the aims and implementation of food and farm policies throughout the world. The treatment is authoritative, comprehensive and forward looking. The three volumes combine scholarship and pragmatism, relating academic writing to real-world issues faced by policy-makers. A companion volume looking at the future resource and climate challenges for global agriculture will be published in the future.
Volume I covers Farm and Rural Development policies of developed and developing countries. The volume contains 20 country chapters together with a concluding comprehensive synthesis of lessons to be drawn from the experiences of the individual countries.
Volume II examines the experience of countries with food policies, including those dealing with food safety and quality and the responsibility for food security in developing countries. The chapters address issues such as obesity, nutritional supplements, organic foods, food assistance programs, biotech food acceptance, and the place of private standards.
Volume III describes and explains the international trade dimension of farm and food policies — both at the bilateral and regional level — and also the multilateral rules that influence and constrain individual governments. The volume also looks at the steps that countries are together taking to meet the needs of developing and low-income countries.
The volumes are of value to students and researchers interested in economic development, agricultural markets and food systems. Policy-makers and professionals involved in monitoring and regulating agricultural and food markets would also find the volumes useful in their practical work. This three-volume set is also a suitable source for the general public interested in how their food system is influenced by government policies.
The paper discusses a multi-paradigm approach to the modeling of Demand Responsive Transport systems. It contains a brief overview of issues which appear during modeling of such systems, considers various multi-agent architectures and describes some algorithms which can be used for modeling. Also the paper provides some details about previous investigations on this topic, in particular: a centralized model based on combinatorial auctions and a multi-agent based multi-layer distributed hybrid model. The aim of the paper is working out a sound solution based on a combination of these two approaches which would utilize “system of systems” engineering approach where layered architecture would help to deal with real-time issues and increase system’s reliability and combinatorial auctions would help with global search of the optimal solution. Such combination improves the efficiency and reliability of the system.