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Найдено 29 559 публикаций
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Глава
Kalyagin V. A., Koldanov A. P., Pardalos P. M. In bk.: Learning and Intelligent Optimization.. Vol. 8426: Lectute Notes in Computer Science. Switzerland: Springer, 2014. P. 88-97.

The main goal of the present paper is the development of general approach to network analysis of statistical data sets. First a general method of market network construction is proposed on the base of idea of measures of association. It is noted that many existing network models can be obtained as a particular case of this method. Next it is shown that statistical multiple decision theory is an appropriate theoretical basis for market network analysis of statistical data sets. Finally conditional risk for multiple decision statistical procedures is introduced as a natural measure of quality in market network analysis. Some illustrative examples are given.

Добавлено: 13 августа 2014
Глава
van der Aalst W. In bk.: Proceedings of the 2013 Federated Conference on Computer Science and Information Systems. Vol. 1: Annals of Computer Science and Information Systems. Warsz.: Polskie Towarzystwo Informatyczne, 2013. P. 1-10.

Operational processes leave trails in the information systems supporting them. Such event data are the starting point for process mining – an emerging scientific discipline relating modeled and observed behavior. The relevance of process mining is increasing as more and more event data become available. The increasing volume of such data (“Big Data”) provides both opportunities and challenges for process mining. In this paper we focus on two particular types of process mining: process discovery (learning a process model from example behavior recorded in an event log) and conformance checking (diagnosing and quantifying discrepancies between observed behavior and modeled behavior). These tasks become challenging when there are hundreds or even thousands of different activities and millions of cases. Typically, process mining algorithms are linear in the number of cases and exponential in the number of different activities. This paper proposes a very general divide-and-conquer approach that decomposes the event log based on a partitioning of activities. Unlike existing approaches, this paper does not assume a particular process representation (e.g., Petri nets or BPMN) and allows for various decomposition strategies (e.g., SESE- or passage-based decomposition). Moreover, the generic divide-and-conquer approach reveals the core requirements for decomposing process discovery and conformance checking problems.

Добавлено: 14 ноября 2013
Глава
Fenogenova A., Karpov I., Kazorin V. In bk.: Proceedings of the Artificial Intelligence and Natural Language AINL FRUCT 2016 Conference, Saint-Petersburg, Russia, 10-12 November 2016. FRUCT Oy, 2016. P. 31-36.

With the process of globalization the number of borrowings from English has rapidly increased in languages all over the world. In systems of automatic speech recognition, spell-checking, tagging and other tasks in the field of natural language processing the loan words frequently cause problems and should be treat separately. In this paper we present a corpora-based approach for the automatic detection of anglicisms in Russian social network texts. Proposed method is based on the idea of simultaneous scripting, phonetics and semantics similarity of the original Latin word and its Cyrillic analogue. We used a set of transliteration, phonetic transcription and morphological analysis methods to find possible hypotheses and distributional semantic models to filter them.  Resulting list of borrowings, gathered from approximately 20 million LiveJournal texts shows good intersection with manually collected dictionary. Proposed method is fully automated and can be applied to any domain-specific area.

Добавлено: 19 октября 2016
Глава
Tatarnikov A., Коцыняк А. М. In bk.: Proceedings of the 8th Spring/Summer Young Researchers’ Colloquium on Software Engineering (SYRCoSE 2014). M.: 2014.
Добавлено: 20 декабря 2017
Глава
Morozova Y. A. In bk.: SAI Intelligent Systems Conference 2015 (IntelliSys 2015). L.: IEEE, 2015. P. 855-856.

The research concerns issues on simulation modeling of Russian Federation higher education system considering its interaction with macroeconomic and demographic factors. The proposed range of simulation models of higher education system is developed using agent-based modeling and system dynamics methods. The range of models allows strategic planning of development of Russian Federation higher education system.

Добавлено: 1 октября 2015
Глава
Lychkina N. N., Morozova Y. A. In bk.: SAI Intelligent Systems Conference 2015 (IntelliSys 2015). L.: IEEE, 2015. P. 857-862.

В статье рассматривается комплекс имитационных моделей пенсионной системы Российской Федерации, предназначенный для поддержки принятия государственных решений в пенсионной сфере. Комплекс реализован на основе композитного сочетания методов системной динамики и агентного моделирования и позволяет исследовать динамику процессов развития в сложных социально-экономических системах посредством циклической взаимосвязи процессов индивидуального и группового поведения экономических и социальных агентов на микроуровне с базовыми процессами развития социально-экономической системы на макроуровне. В качестве инструмента онтологического моделирования предметной области предлагается стратификация социально-экономической системы. На примере пенсионной системы сформировано стратифицированное описание модельного комплекса. Рассмотренные в статье агентно-ориентированные модели социального и экономического поведения застрахованных лиц в части выбора способа формирования пенсии и индивидуальных пенсионных стратегий позволяет исследовать самоорганизующиеся процессы на микро-уровне пенсионной системы.

Добавлено: 22 сентября 2015
Глава
Beklaryan L., Akopov Andranik, Beklaryan Armen et al. In bk.: Тезисы докладов 11-й конференции Интеллектуализация обработки информации. M.: 2016. P. 189-189.
Добавлено: 1 апреля 2017
Глава
Babkina T. S., Babkin E., Abdulrab H. In bk.: From System Complexity to Emergent Properties. Heidelberg: Springer, 2009. P. 141-154.

In the course of researching timetabling problems for complex distributed systems this article applies the multi-agent paradigm of computations and presents a correspondent mathematical model for university’s timetabling problem solution. The model takes into account dynamic nature of this problem and individual preferences of different remote users for time and location of classes. In the framework of that model authors propose an original problem-oriented algorithm of multi-agent communication. Developed algorithm is used as a foundation for the distributed software system AgentTime. Based on multi-agent JADE platform AgentTime provides friendly graphical interface for online design of time tables for universities.

Добавлено: 7 октября 2013
Глава
Behrens K., Robert-Nicoud F. In bk.: Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics. Vol. 5. Elsevier North Holland, 2015. P. 171-245.
Добавлено: 13 октября 2016
Глава
Babenko A., Lempitsky V. In bk.: Proceedings of the IEEE International Conference on Computer Vision (ICCV 2015). Santiago de Chile: IEEE, 2015. P. 1269-1277.
Добавлено: 26 декабря 2017
Глава
Lepskiy A., Кутынина Е. А. In bk.: Advances in Fuzzy Logic and Technology 2017. Vol. 642. Cham: Springer, 2018. P. 370-381.
Добавлено: 5 октября 2017
Глава
Maisak T., Ganenkov D. In bk.: Word Formation. An International Handbook of the Languages of Europe. Vol. 5. Berlin; NY: De Gruyter Mouton, 2016. P. 3579-3594.
Добавлено: 7 октября 2017
Глава
Rubin V., Lomazova I. A., van der Aalst W. In bk.: Proceedings of the 2014 International Conference on Software and System Process (ICSSP 2014). NY: ACM, 2014. P. 70-74.

Modern companies continue investing more and more in the creation, maintenance and change of software systems, but the proper specification and design of such systems continues to be a challenge. The majority of current approaches either ignore real user and system runtime behavior or consider it only informally. This leads to a rather prescriptive top-down approach to software development. In this paper, we propose a bottom-up approach, which takes event logs (e.g., trace data) of a software system for the analysis of the user and system runtime behavior and for improving the software. We use well-established methods from the area of process mining for this analysis. Moreover, we suggest embedding process mining into the agile development lifecycle. The goal of this position paper is to motivate the need for foundational research in the area of software process mining (applying process mining to software analysis) by showing the relevance and listing open challenges. Our proposal is based on our experiences with analyzing a big productive touristic system. This system was developed using agile methods and process mining could be effectively integrated into the development lifecycle.

Добавлено: 27 мая 2014
Глава
Iarskaia-Smirnova E. R. In bk.: Gazing at Welfare, Gender and Agency in Post-socialist Countries. Newcastle upon Tyne: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2011. Ch. 6. P. 104-124.

Наряду с публичной сферой и нормами, установленными обществом, частная сфера играет важную роль в жизни людей с ограниченными возможностями, в том числе личный опыт переживания инвалидности на микроуровне: в семье, повседневности и романтических отношениях. В этой главе вопросы структуры семьи анализируются в нарративах с женщинами, которые пользуются инвалидными колясками для передвижения. Различные культурные, социальные, экономические и политические детерминанты влияют на формирование определенного типа семейной структуры и отношения к семейной жизни. В то же время, они взаимодействуют с биографическими факторами, которые усиливают или ослабляют ограничения свободы в публичной и приватной жизни. Используя нарративный анализ, я демонстрирую, какую роль семья играет в построении идентичности человека с инвалидностью, и как члены семьи выступают в качестве соавторов индивидуальных биографий. Будут рассмотрены дилеммы семейной жизни, связанные с чувствами, сексуальной и эмоциональной стабильностью на микроуровне жизненного опыта и самоопределения женщин с ограниченными возможностями.

Добавлено: 28 февраля 2013
Глава
Vidoni F. In bk.: Limits of Knowledge. The Nineteenth-Century Epistemological Debate and Beyond. Milan: Mimesis International, 2016. P. 177-192.
Добавлено: 20 марта 2015
Глава
Lazarev A. A., Gafarov E., Werner F. In bk.: IFAC Proceedings Volumes 14th IFAC Symposium on Information Control Problems in Manufacturing, Bucharest, 23-25 May 2012. Bucharest: IFAC Technical Committee, 2012. P. 403-408.

In this paper, we present a modification of dynamic programming algorithms (DPA), which we denote as graphical algorithms (GrA). For some single machine scheduling problems, it is shown that the time complexity of the GrA is less than the time complexity of the standard DPA. Moreover, the average running time of the GrA is often essentially smaller. A GrA can also solve large-scale instances and instances, where the parameters are not integer. For some problems, GrA has a polynomial time complexity in contrast to a pseudo-polynomial complexity of a DPA.

Добавлено: 12 февраля 2013
Глава
Roy Chowdhury A., Kuntala L. In bk.: Between the Plough and the Pick: Informal, Artisanal and Small-Scale mining in the contemporary world. Canberra: Australian National University, 2018. Ch. #4. P. 89-116.
Добавлено: 3 марта 2018
Глава
Seleznev M. In bk.: Babel und Bibel 3. Eisenbrauns, 2007. P. 371-380.
Добавлено: 12 августа 2018
Глава
L.Manita, A.Manita. In bk.: Analytical and computational methods in probability theory and its applications (ACMPT-2017). Proceedings of the International Scientific Conference. M.: RUDN, 2017. P. 649-653.
Добавлено: 14 ноября 2017
Глава
Sedik D., Lerman Z., Yanbykh R. et al. In bk.: Handbook of International Trade and Agricultural Policies. World Scientific Publishing Co., 2018. P. 120-138.

Handbook of International Food and Agricultural Policies is a three-volume set that aims to provide an accessible reference for those interested in the aims and implementation of food and farm policies throughout the world. The treatment is authoritative, comprehensive and forward looking. The three volumes combine scholarship and pragmatism, relating academic writing to real-world issues faced by policy-makers. A companion volume looking at the future resource and climate challenges for global agriculture will be published in the future.

Volume I covers Farm and Rural Development policies of developed and developing countries. The volume contains 20 country chapters together with a concluding comprehensive synthesis of lessons to be drawn from the experiences of the individual countries.

Volume II examines the experience of countries with food policies, including those dealing with food safety and quality and the responsibility for food security in developing countries. The chapters address issues such as obesity, nutritional supplements, organic foods, food assistance programs, biotech food acceptance, and the place of private standards.

Volume III describes and explains the international trade dimension of farm and food policies — both at the bilateral and regional level — and also the multilateral rules that influence and constrain individual governments. The volume also looks at the steps that countries are together taking to meet the needs of developing and low-income countries.

The volumes are of value to students and researchers interested in economic development, agricultural markets and food systems. Policy-makers and professionals involved in monitoring and regulating agricultural and food markets would also find the volumes useful in their practical work. This three-volume set is also a suitable source for the general public interested in how their food system is influenced by government policies.

Добавлено: 10 декабря 2018
Глава
Bolshakova E. I., Efremova N. E. In bk.: Analysis of Images, Social Networks and Texts. 4th International Conference, AIST 2015, Yekaterinburg, Russia, April 9–11, 2015, Revised Selected Papers. Vol. 542: Series: Communications in Computer and Information Science. Switzerland: Springer, 2015. P. 285-295.
Добавлено: 5 сентября 2017