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Fertilizacion cruzada y translocacion intergrupal’ frente a la representacion del ‘enemigo’

P. 129-151.

The use of the “identity” category in modern political discourse has become a double-edged experience. We start this paper by sharing the constructivists (vs. essentialists) view of national identity as a frequent tool of political manipulation and nationalism driven acts like terrorism and ethnic enmity. We try to go “beyond the identity” and answer the question what can unite people beyond nations and nationalisms in order to face together global problems of modern world. In the second part we explore in that respect ideas of tolerance, democracy and human rights as alternative grounds to replace an “enemy” image based type of political mobilization. In the last part we draw an analogy between a constructed nationalism and “bonding” social capital, we test those ideas against security community’s theory and critical communitarianism. We also analyze concept of “creolization” and to what extent it does or does not reflect ideas of cultural intermix and educational exchange as common grounds for people’s solidarity in the 21-century. We introduce the concept of the “intergroup cross-fertilization and translocation” (ICFT) as an attempt to override neo - Schmittian paradigm.